Bikini Atoll (Marshall Islands) No 1339. Undated. - 30
Bikini Atoll coral biodiversity resilience five decades after nuclear testing. / : Zoe T. Richards, Maria Beger, Silvia Pinca, Carden C. Wallace.
Marine Pollution Bulletin 56 (2008) 503–515
Five decades after a series of nuclear tests began, we provide evidence that 70% of the Bikini Atoll zooxanthellate coral assemblage is resilient to large-scale anthropogenic disturbance. Species composition in 2002 was assessed and compared to that seen prior to nuclear testing. A total of 183 scleractinian coral species was recorded, compared to 126 species recorded in the previous study (excluding synonomies, 148 including synonomies). We found that 42 coral species may be locally extinct at Bikini. Fourteen of these losses may be pseudo-losses due to inconsistent taxonomy between the two studies or insufficient sampling in the second study, however 28 species appear to represent genuine losses. Of these losses, 16 species are obligate lagoonal specialists and 12 have wider habitat compatibility. Twelve species are recorded from Bikini for the first time. We suggest the highly diverse Rongelap Atoll to the east of Bikini may have contributed larval propagules to facilitate the partial resilience of coral biodiversity in the absence of additional anthropogenic threats.'
The Bravo Test and the Death and Life of the Global Ecosystem in the Early Anthropocene. / : Robert Jacobs.
The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol. 13, Issue. 29, No. 1, July 20, 2015.
From Bikini to Belau : Nuclear Colonization of the Pacific. / : Peter D. Jones.
- London : War Resisters' International, 1988.
Lingering radioactivity at the Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. / : Ken O. Buesseler et al.
Science of the Total Environment 621 (2018) 1185–1198
Radiation Dose Assessment for Military Personnel of the Enewetak Atoll Cleanup Project (1977–1980)
During 1977–1980, the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD) conducted a radiological clean-up of Enewetak Atoll. The Enewetak Atoll Cleanup Project (ECUP) was carried out by a Joint Task Group established by the Defense Nuclear Agency, and involved the cumulative participation of approximately 6,000 military service members.
Radiological Conditions at Bikini Atoll: Prospects for Resettlement. Report of an Advisory Group of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna, Austria. / K.Lokan et al. IAEA, 1998. - 80 s.
S. L. Simon and W. L. Robison: Detonation Data for U.S. Pacific Ocean Tests. In: Health Phys. 73(1):258-264; 1997.
Abstract—Prior to December 1993, tbe explosive yields of 44 of 66 nuclear tests conducted by tbe United States in tbe Marshall Islands were still classified. Following a request from tbe Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands to the U.S. Department of Energy to release this information, the Secretary of Energy declassified and released to the public the explosive yields of the Pacific nuclear tests. This paper presents a synopsis of information on nuclear test detonations in the Marshall Islands and other locations in the mid-Pacific including dates, explosive yields, locations, weapon placement, and summary statistics.
A Visual Description of the Concrete Exterior of the Cactus Crater Containment Structure. / : Terry Hamilton.Center for Accelerator Mass Spectrometry, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, 2013.
During the Radiological Cleanup of Enewetak Atoll (1972-1980), radioactively contaminated soil was removed by excision and buried inside the Cactus nuclear test crater on Runit Island.