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Kronologi over fredssagen og international politik 25. maj 1946 / Time Line May 25, 1946

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24. Maj 1946, 26. Maj 1946

Atomic Education Urged by Einstein, New York Times, 1946, May, 25, 1946
Scientists in Plea for $200,000 to Promote New Type of Essential Thinking
Dr. Albert Einstein, whose formula on the equivalence of mass and energy led to the discovery of the enormous amount of energy locked up within the atom, issued a personal appeal yesterday by telegram to several hundred prominent Americans. He asked contributions to a fund of $200,000 with which to carry on a nationwide campaign "to let the people know that a new type of thinking is essential" in the atomic age "if mankind is to survive and move toward higher levels."
The campaign, Dr. Einstein's telegram says, is to be carried out by the newly formed Emergency Committee of Atomic Scientists, or which Dr. Einstein is chairman. Other members of the committee who signed the appeal are Prof. Hans A. Bethe of Cornell University, who played a major role in the development of the atomic bomb at Los Alamos, N.M.; Dr. Leo Szilard of the Manhattan Engineering Districts's atomic laboratory at the University of Chicago, who pioneered in the development of atomic power piles; Prof. Harold C. Urey of the University of Chicago's Institute for Nuclear Studies, Nobel Prize winner and former director of the atomic research center at Columbia University, and Dr. Edward U. Condon, president of the American Physical Society and Director of the National Bureau of Standards.
The Federation of American Scientists also joined in the appeal
Dr. Einstein's telegrams says:
"Our world faces a crisis as yet unperceived by those possessing power to make great decisions for good or evil. The unleashed power of the atom has changed everything save our modes of thinking and we thus drift toward unparallel catastrophe.
"We scientists who released this immense power have an overwhelming responsibility in this world life-and-death struggle to harness the atom for the benefit of mankind and not for humanity's destruction....



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