Det danske Fredsakademi

Kronologi over fredssagen og international politik 4. April 2005 / Time Line April 4, 2005

Version 3.0

3. April 2005, 5. April 2005

QDR to Address Transformation of U.S. Nuclear Arsenal
By Gerry J. Gilmore
American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, April 5, 2005 - Today's U.S. nuclear arsenal is too outdated and costly to maintain for use in deterring threats in the post-Cold War era, a senior officer told a Senate subcommittee April 4.
"It is our intent to have the upcoming Quadrennial Defense Review address nuclear issues and the associated infrastructure to determine transformation requirements for our nuclear capabilities in the 21st century," Marine Gen. James E. Cartwright explained to members of the Senate Strategic Forces Subcommittee.
Cartwright heads the U.S. Strategic Command at Offutt Air Force Base, Neb., which oversees U.S. military global strategic planning, including nuclear deterrence.
In the aftermath of the Cold War, President Bush and Russian President Vladimir Putin pledged to substantially reduce nuclear stockpiles over the next 10 years upon their signing of the Moscow Treaty in May 2002. The U.S. is decommissioning its larger, multi-nuclear-warhead-carrying Peacekeeper intercontinental ballistic missiles as part of terms of the treaty.
However, nuclear weapons remain an important component of U.S. national security policy, Cartwright observed, "particularly for reassuring allies and friends of U.S. security commitments, dissuading arms competition, deterring hostile leaders who are willing to accept great risk and cost, and for holding at risk those targets that cannot be addressed by other means."
By 2012, America's nuclear stockpile "will be reduced by nearly one-half" since President Bush took office, Ambassador Linton F. Brooks pointed out to committee members. Brooks, who accompanied Cartwright to the hearing, is the administrator of the National Nuclear Security Administration.
Brooks cited a recent Nuclear Posture Review that says America's remaining nuclear weapons are rapidly aging, causing high maintenance and security costs. He noted that Cold War-era nukes were designed for maximum destructive power and therefore cause too much collateral damage for some envisioned future uses.
The "legacy" stockpile, Brooks added, is also environmentally unfriendly, ineffective against deeply buried targets, and unsuitable for destroying chemical and biological weapons.
Older nuclear weapons systems do not have "new precision-guidance technologies from which our conventional systems have fully benefited," Brooks explained. Nor, he added, are older nuclear arms "geared for small-scale strikes or flexibility in command, control and delivery."

CONTRACTS from the United States Department of Defense
Raytheon Co., Tucson, Ariz., is being awarded an $11,229,083 cost-plus-fixed-fee modification under previously awarded contract (N00024-02-C-5421) to exercise options for technical and production support for Evolved SEASPARROW Missiles (ESSM) and MK783 Mod 0 missile shipping container, including design agent tasks for the ESSM and associated test and handling eq uipment supporting production. Work will be performed in Tucson, Ariz. (38 percent), Rocket Center, W.V. (8 percent), Camden, Ark. (5 percent), Minneapolis, Minn. (1 percent); Germany (13 percent), Australia (8 percent), Canada (7 percent), The Netherlands (6 percent), Norway (6 percent), Spain (4 percent), Turkey (2 percent), Denmark (1 percent), Greece (1 percent), and is expected to be completed by October 2006. Contract funds in the amount of $117,000 will expire at the end of the current fiscal year. The Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington, D.C., is the contracting activity.
Lockheed Martin Space Systems, Sunnyvale, Calif., is being awarded a $41,684,110 cost-plus fixed-fee contract modification to provide for eight-month stretch out to the transformational satellite communications system definition/risk reduction phase due to a reduction in funding for fiscal years 2005 and 2006. Fiscal Year 2005 funding was reduced by $90 million from $202 million to $112 million (45 percent). Fiscal Year 2006 funding was increased by $50 million (25 percent) from $200 million to $250 million. The replan accommodates the funding reduction and also incorporates development of information assurance products for transmission security and telemetry tracking and command crypto. The transformation communications satellite system will provide unprecedented satellite communication with internet-like capability that extends the Global Information to deployment/mobile users worldwide and deliver an order of magnitude increase in capacity. At this time, $4,000,000 of the funds have been obligated. This work will be complete by December 2006. Solicitation began September 2004, and negotiations were completed March 2005. The Headquarters Space and Missile Systems Center, Los Angeles Air Force Base, Calif., is the contracting activity (FA8808-04-C-0023, P00009).
Jacobs Sverdrup, Fort Walton Beach, Fla., is being awarded a $30,000,000 indefinite delivery/indefinite quantity contract. The objective of this statement of work is to describe the specialized Scientific and Technical Assistance (S&TA) required by the National Air and Space Intelligence Center to validated threat representations of electronic warfare, information warfare, information operations, space/counterspace, ballistic missile threats and to provide conceptual modeling and testing support. This S&TA involves coordinating activities to assure that correct data and models are used, testing of threat representations is performed, threat-to-simulator/simulation comparative analysis is performed, and a validation report is prepared. At this time, $100,000 of the funds have been obligated. This work will be complete by September 2010. Solicitation began December 2004 and negotiations were completed April 2005. The Headquarters Aeronautical Systems Center, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, is the contracting activity (FA8633-05-D-2059).
Northrop Grumman Space and Mission Systems, Clearfield, Utah, is being awarded a $7,000,000 cost-plus award-fee contract modification to provide for the upgrade purchase of the auxiliary power supply test suite in support of the Intercontinental Ballistic Missile Flight Controls and Propulsion Replacement Program. At this time, $3,500,000 of the funds have been obligated. This work will be complete by June 2007. The Headquarters Ogden Air Logistics Center, Hill Air Force Base, Utah, is the contracting activity (F42610-98-C-0001).

Boeing Team Completes Sea-Based X-Band Radar Integration
April 5, 2005
The Boeing-led Sea-Based X-Band Radar (SBX) industry team has integrated the SBX radar onto its sea-going platform in Corpus Christi, Texas, marking a major integration milestone in the program.
"The integration of the massive Sea-Based X-Band Radar is a critical step in further advancing the nation's defense against ballistic missile threats by delivering to the government a revolutionary sensor capability," said Boeing Vice President and GMD Program Manager Paul Hoff. "The addition of such a large-scale radar gives us increased confidence in the overall GMD system and added flexibility for defense of the nation." SBX's floating platform, a modified oil-drilling vessel, measures 240 feet wide and 390 feet long. It includes a power plant, bridge and control rooms, living quarters, storage areas and the infrastructure necessary to support the massive X-band radar. The X-band radar, sitting on top of the vessel, is the most sophisticated phased array, electro-mechanically steered X-band radar in the world, consisting of thousands of antennae driven by transmit/receive modules, according to Boeing.
As prime contractor for the GMD program, Boeing is responsible for the development and integration of the GMD system components, including the SBX; ground-based interceptor; battle management, command, control and communication systems; early warning radars; and interfaces to the Defense Support Program early warning satellite system. Raytheon built the SBX radar.



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