Det danske Fredsakademi

Kronologi over fredssagen og international politik 8. Mars 2005 / Time Line March 8, 2005

Version 3.5

7. Mars 2005, 9. Mars 2005

Kvindernes internationale kampdag.
Teksten på forsiden af Kvinner er generel for kvinder i alle lande og alle kulturer.
Litteratur: Terp, Holger: Kvindesagen.

Ammunition Stocks: Promoting Safe and Secure Storage and Disposal
The Biting the Bullet Project (International Alert, Saferworld and the University of Bradford) would like to announce the publication of the latest Biting the Bullet Briefing No 18- 'Ammunition Stocks: Promoting Safe and Secure Storage and Disposal' by Owen Greene, Sally Holt and Adrian Wilkinson. This briefing published by BTB in association with the UNDP/ Stability Pact South Eastern European Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC) is an examination of the importance of addressing ammunition within international small arms and light weapons controls and the 2001 UN Programme of Action. The report also examines the options available to governments in terms of best practice in ammunition disposal.
The Briefing can be downloaded from any of the BTB partner organisations web sites
Other Biting the Bullet publications covering all aspects of the 2001 UN Programme of Action on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons can be downloaded from the following web sites:

U.S. Military Footprint in Europe Changing to Meet Strategy
By Jim Garamone
American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, March 8, 2005 - The U.S. military footprint in Europe is changing as radically as the capabilities of American forces, the NATO's supreme allied commander Europe said in an interview today.
Marine Corps Gen. James Jones said that the 20th century military philosophy that mass equals commitment is not true in the 21st century. "It's not the size of the force you have, it's what you are able to do with it that's important," Jones said.
U.S. European Command's transformation is aimed at making forces there strategically more effective and agile. The American military presence in Europe is a cornerstone of the NATO. With the addition of seven new nations to the alliance -- Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania and Bulgaria -- the focus of the 26-nation alliance has shifted eastward, Jones said.
He said the borders of the alliance are harder to define, and the alliance has moved away from the "defensive crouch" it maintained against the Soviet Union. Operations in Afghanistan and Iraq further complicate the territorial area.
But as NATO changes, so must U.S. forces, he said. American troop strength in Europe will drop from its current 112,000 to around 50,000, said European Command officials. American forces will go from two full divisions in Germany and a brigade combat team in Italy to a brigade combat team in Germany, another in Italy and up to one more rotating among forward-operating sites.
American forces in Europe will be in three types of bases, Jones said. The first are main operating bases, installations like Ramstein Air Base, Germany, and U.S. Naval Station Rota, Spain. These bases will remain hubs and have American forces assigned to them.
The second are called forward-operating sites. Jones calls these bases "light-switch operations" -- meaning all troops arriving have to do is turn the lights on and operations can proceed. Examples of these bases are Camp Bondsteel in Kosovo, Camp Eagle in Bosnia, and Incirlik Air Base in Turkey.
The general said there will also be forward-operating sites in Morocco, Tunisia, Bulgaria and Romania. Essentially, we "know what is there, and we know what to bring when we come," Jones said. "We can go from a zero presence to an operating base very quickly."
The third type of bases is called a cooperative security site. These could be as small as a fueling agreement or as complicated as a few American contractors ensuring facilities are ready for U.S. troops to operate. "These will be an inventory of geographical locations that if we need them, it will be pre-agreed with host nations that we can have access to these bases," Jones said.
The key to the new footprint is an effective pre-positioning program, the general said.

CONTRACTS from the United States Department of Defense
Contracts, Tuesday, March 8, 2005
M. A. Mortenson Co., Minneapolis, Minn., is being awarded $10,432,000 for firm-fixed price Task Order 0011 under an indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity multiple award construction contract (N62472-02-D-0802) for construction of an Undersea Network Centric Laboratory at the Naval Undersea Warfare Center, Newport. Work will be performed in Newport, R.I., and is expected to be completed by January 2007. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. The basic contract was competitively procured via the NAVFAC e-solicitation website with 23 proposals received and award made on Sept. 18, 2002. The total contract amount is not to exceed $250,000,000 (five-year performance period). The multiple contractors (five in number) may compete for task orders under the terms and conditions of the existing contract. Two proposals were received for this task order. The Engineering Field Activity Northeast, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Lester, Pa., is the contracting activity.
Applied Hydro-Acoustics Research Inc. Centreville, Va., is being awarded a $6,886,762 cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for a Phase III Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) effort in the development of Tactical Sonar Data Fusion for surface ship sonar systems. The Phase III effort extends the development of data fusion performed in SBIR Phase I and Phase II efforts. The tactical sonar data fusion developed and fabricated in Phase III will result in improved sonar processing technology and allow for its commercialization into the AN/SQQ-89(V) modernization efforts. Work will be performed in Centreville, Va., and is expected to be completed by March 2006. This contract combines support of the U.S. Navy (83 percent) and the Government of Japan (17 percent) under the Foreign Military Sales Program. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. The contract was not competitively awarded. The Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington, D.C., is the contracting activity (N00024-05-C-6305).
Intelesis Technologies Corp.* San Diego, Calif., is being awarded a $6,135,507 indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract with a cost-plus-fixed-fee pricing arrangement for engineering support services for advanced command, control, communications, computers, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR), and information technology systems engineering. This two-year contract includes one three-year option, which if exercised, would bring the cumulative value of this contract to $16,177,426. Work will be performed in San Diego, Calif., and is expected to be completed by March 2007. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the current fiscal year. This contract was a competitive, best value, 100% small business set-aside procurement, which was advertised through the Commerce Business Daily's website, FedBizOps, and the SPAWAR e-Commerce Central website, with four offers received. The Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, Calif., is the contracting activity for the contract (N66001-05-D-5028).



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