Det danske Fredsakademi
Kronologi over fredssagen og international politik 8. Mars 2005
/ Time Line March 8, 2005
7. Mars 2005, 9. Mars 2005
Teksten på forsiden af Kvinner er generel for kvinder i alle
lande og alle kulturer.
Litteratur: Terp, Holger: Kvindesagen.
Ammunition Stocks: Promoting Safe and Secure Storage and
The Biting the Bullet Project (International Alert,
Saferworld and the University of Bradford) would like to announce
the publication of the latest Biting the Bullet Briefing No 18-
'Ammunition Stocks: Promoting Safe and Secure Storage and Disposal'
by Owen Greene, Sally Holt and Adrian Wilkinson. This briefing
published by BTB in association with the UNDP/ Stability Pact South
Eastern European Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and
Light Weapons (SEESAC) is an examination of the importance of
addressing ammunition within international small arms and light
weapons controls and the 2001 UN Programme of Action. The report
also examines the options available to governments in terms of best
practice in ammunition disposal.
The Briefing can be downloaded from any of the BTB partner
organisations web sites
Other Biting the Bullet publications covering all aspects of the
2001 UN Programme of Action on the Illicit Trade in Small Arms
and Light Weapons can be downloaded from the following web
U.S. Military Footprint in Europe
Changing to Meet Strategy
By Jim Garamone
American Forces Press Service
WASHINGTON, March 8, 2005 - The U.S. military footprint in Europe
is changing as radically as the capabilities of American forces,
the NATO's supreme allied commander Europe said in an interview
Marine Corps Gen. James Jones said that the 20th century military
philosophy that mass equals commitment is not true in the 21st
century. "It's not the size of the force you have, it's what you
are able to do with it that's important," Jones said.
U.S. European Command's transformation is aimed at making forces
there strategically more effective and agile. The American military
presence in Europe is a cornerstone of the NATO. With the addition
of seven new nations to the alliance -- Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania,
Slovakia, Slovenia, Romania and Bulgaria -- the focus of the
26-nation alliance has shifted eastward, Jones said.
He said the borders of the alliance are harder to define, and the
alliance has moved away from the "defensive crouch" it maintained
against the Soviet Union. Operations in Afghanistan and Iraq
further complicate the territorial area.
But as NATO changes, so must U.S. forces, he said. American troop
strength in Europe will drop from its current 112,000 to around
50,000, said European Command officials. American forces will go
from two full divisions in Germany and a brigade combat team in
Italy to a brigade combat team in Germany, another in Italy and up
to one more rotating among forward-operating sites.
American forces in Europe will be in three types of bases, Jones
said. The first are main operating bases, installations like
Ramstein Air Base, Germany, and U.S. Naval Station Rota, Spain.
These bases will remain hubs and have American forces assigned to
The second are called forward-operating sites. Jones calls these
bases "light-switch operations" -- meaning all troops arriving have
to do is turn the lights on and operations can proceed. Examples of
these bases are Camp Bondsteel in Kosovo, Camp Eagle in Bosnia, and
Incirlik Air Base in Turkey.
The general said there will also be forward-operating sites in
Morocco, Tunisia, Bulgaria and Romania. Essentially, we "know what
is there, and we know what to bring when we come," Jones said. "We
can go from a zero presence to an operating base very quickly."
The third type of bases is called a cooperative security site.
These could be as small as a fueling agreement or as complicated as
a few American contractors ensuring facilities are ready for U.S.
troops to operate. "These will be an inventory of geographical
locations that if we need them, it will be pre-agreed with host
nations that we can have access to these bases," Jones said.
The key to the new footprint is an effective pre-positioning
program, the general said.
CONTRACTS from the United States
Department of Defense
Contracts, Tuesday, March 8, 2005
M. A. Mortenson Co., Minneapolis, Minn., is being awarded
$10,432,000 for firm-fixed price Task Order 0011 under an
indefinite-delivery, indefinite-quantity multiple award
construction contract (N62472-02-D-0802) for construction of an
Undersea Network Centric Laboratory at the Naval Undersea Warfare
Center, Newport. Work will be performed in Newport, R.I., and is
expected to be completed by January 2007. Contract funds will not
expire at the end of the current fiscal year. The basic contract
was competitively procured via the NAVFAC e-solicitation website
with 23 proposals received and award made on Sept. 18, 2002. The
total contract amount is not to exceed $250,000,000 (five-year
performance period). The multiple contractors (five in number) may
compete for task orders under the terms and conditions of the
existing contract. Two proposals were received for this task order.
The Engineering Field Activity Northeast, Naval Facilities
Engineering Command, Lester, Pa., is the contracting activity.
Applied Hydro-Acoustics Research Inc. Centreville, Va., is being
awarded a $6,886,762 cost-plus-fixed-fee contract for a Phase III
Small Business Innovative Research (SBIR) effort in the development
of Tactical Sonar Data Fusion for surface ship sonar systems. The
Phase III effort extends the development of data fusion performed
in SBIR Phase I and Phase II efforts. The tactical sonar data
fusion developed and fabricated in Phase III will result in
improved sonar processing technology and allow for its
commercialization into the AN/SQQ-89(V) modernization efforts. Work
will be performed in Centreville, Va., and is expected to be
completed by March 2006. This contract combines support of the U.S.
Navy (83 percent) and the Government of Japan (17 percent) under
the Foreign Military Sales Program. Contract funds will not expire
at the end of the current fiscal year. The contract was not
competitively awarded. The Naval Sea Systems Command, Washington,
D.C., is the contracting activity (N00024-05-C-6305).
Intelesis Technologies Corp.* San Diego, Calif., is being awarded a
$6,135,507 indefinite-delivery/indefinite-quantity contract with a
cost-plus-fixed-fee pricing arrangement for engineering support
services for advanced command, control, communications, computers,
intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (C4ISR), and
information technology systems engineering. This two-year contract
includes one three-year option, which if exercised, would bring the
cumulative value of this contract to $16,177,426. Work will be
performed in San Diego, Calif., and is expected to be completed by
March 2007. Contract funds will not expire at the end of the
current fiscal year. This contract was a competitive, best value,
100% small business set-aside procurement, which was advertised
through the Commerce Business Daily's website, FedBizOps, and the
SPAWAR e-Commerce Central website, with four offers received. The
Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, Calif., is the
contracting activity for the contract (N66001-05-D-5028).
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