Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars;
Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense;
Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education ,
Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie;
Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis
politiques ; La défense; Mouvements de paix; Religion;
Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce
The Philippines is a tropical southeast Asian island state and
a republic in the Pacific. The Sulu archipelago.
UNEP, 2005. Wilkinson, C., DeVantier, L., Talaue-McManus, L.,
Lawrence, D. and D. Souter. South China Sea, GIWA
Regional assessment 54. University of Kalmar, Kalmar,
'The region is formed of the marine, coastal and hinterland river
catchments of nine nations: China, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand,
Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Brunei and the Philippines. Laos
and Myanmar are also part of the region but have no impacts on the
water balance and are therefore not further discussed...'
Geografihistoriske primærkilder og fremstillinger /
Geography Historical primary sources and
Géographie des sources historiques primaires:
A geography of the Malay Peninsula, Indo-China, the Eastern
Archipelago, the Philippines, and New Guinea. / : A. H. Keane.
- London : E. Stanford, 1887.
pt. I. The Malay Peninsula. ch. I. General survey; physical
features: mountain and river systems; seaboard; islands; the
Isthmus of Kra. ch. II. Climate; flora-fauna. ch. III. Inhabitants:
the Negritoes; Sam-Sams and Malays; religion; language. ch.IV.
Political divisions: Siamese and British divisions; resources;
trade; government; statistics of the Malay Peninsula
pt. II. Indo-China. ch. I. General survey; physical features:
mountain and river systems; seaboard; islands. ch. II. Climate;
flora-fauna. ch. III. Inhabitants: Burmese; Talaings;
Siamese-Annamese; Cambojans. ch. IV. Political divisions: Burmah;
Siam; Annam; Camboja; statistics of Indo-China
pt. III. The Eastern Archipelago. ch. I. General survey;
distribution of land and water; main insular groups; volcanic
formations; geology; extent; population. ch. II. Climate; flora -
fauna. ch. III. Inhabitants: Malays; Indonesians; Negritoes;
Papuans. ch. IV. Geographical and political divisions: Asiatic,
Australian, and Oceanic natural divisions; Dutch, Spanish, English,
German, and Portuguese territories; statistics of Eastern
Handbook of the Philippine Islands (1899).
'"The geographical part of this 'Handbook' is an authorized
translation of the 'Compendio de geografia de las islas Filipinas'
... The historical portion is an original compilation."-Reklame s.
Orosa, Sixto Y.: The Sulu Archipelago and its people. - Yonkers on
Hudson, N. Y. : World book company, 1931. - 153 s.
Report on Sulu Moros. / Edwin Deland Smith. 1908.
Warren Dupré Smith: A Geologic Reconnaissance of the Island
of Mindanao and the Sulu Archipelago: Narrative of the Expedition.
1908. - 71 s.
Pettigrew, Richard Franklin: Treaty with the sultan of Sulu.
Information concerning the Philippine islands (1900). - 15 s.
'Mr. PETTIGREW. Mr. President, the Sulu group of islands are
located between the island of Borneo and the island of Mindanao, of
the Philippine group. They are 150 in number. These islands were
conquered by the Mohammedans about eight centuries ago, and they
have maintained, as long as we have any history of them, a
government of their own, having an absolute monarch for a ruler.
Spain claimed ownership over these islands, and has undertaken at
various times to take possession of them. Her power and authority
reached the distance only from the shores of the islands which
could be traversed by projectiles from the cannon of her fleet.
These people have been pirates and
slaveholders and polygamists from the earliest record of their
In 1876 Spain undertook to conquer their islands and assert her
authority over them, but the effort failed; and finally the
aggressive powers entered into a treaty with the Sultan by which
Spain was to keep an officer representing that Government and a
small number of troops at the capital of the Sulu group. The Sultan
agreed to recognize the suzerainty of the King of Spain and
promised to suppress piracy. He received from Spain certain
salaries as compensation for his recognition of the suzerainty of
the King of Spain.
Whether or not the commissioners at Paris knew what they were
buying I can not tell; but in some way we purchased the entire
group, including all the Philippines; and we now find that the
Sultan not only has the Sulu group under his jurisdiction and
control, but also the large island of Mindanao, embracing an area
as large as the State of Indiana, and also the island of Palawan.
These two islands, or portions of them, nearly their whole area,
are under the immediate control of a subsultan, who owes some sort
of allegiance to the Sultan of the Sulu Islands. The island of
Mindanao has never been explored by the white people, and it was
never under the jurisdiction of Spain, except that two or three of
its coast ports were occupied by that power. In our treaty with
Spain we take title of this entire group, as well as to the
Philippines.' s. 3-4.