Stillehavet / The Pacific

Geografi: Verdens største ocean der adskiller kontinenterne Asien, Australien med Oceanien fra Amerika. Mellem Asien og Australien er Marianergraven.
Geography: The world's largest ocean separating the continents Asia, Australia and Oceania from America. Between Asia and Australia is the Mariana Trench.
Aktuelle stater i Stillehavsområdet / Current states in the Pacific:
Natur, klima. Biodiversitet. Fauna og flora: Botaniske haver ; Fisk. Fugle. Koralrev. Vådområder.
Nature, climate. Flora and fauna: Botanical gardens. Fish. Birds. Coral reefs. Wetlands
Flore et faune: Poissons. Oiseaux. Les récifs coralliens. Les zones humides.
Flora y fauna: Fish. Pájaros. Los arrecifes de coral. Los humedales.
Natur, Klima. Flora und Fauna: Botanische Gärten. Fisch. Vögeln. Korallenriffe. Feuchtgebiet, Feuchtbiotop.
De Broyer C., Koubbi P., Grifths H.J., Raymond B., Udekem d’Acoz C. d’, Van de Putte A.P., Danis B., David B., Grant S., Gutt J., Held C., Hosie G., Huettmann F., Post A., Ropert-Coudert Y. (eds.), 2014. Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean. Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Cambridge, XII + 498 pp.
The Southern Ocean waters to the west of the Antarctic Peninsula are warming faster than almost any other place on Earth. This area of most rapid environmental change was among others targeted by the Census of Antarctic Marine Life in its collection of biogeographic information. Such biogeographic information is of fundamental importance for monitoring biodiversity, discovering biodiversity hotspots, defining ecoregions and detecting the impacts of environmental changes. It is the preliminary and necessary step in designing marine protected areas in a changing ocean. At the end of five years of extensive biodiversity exploration and assessment by CAML (www.caml.aq) and the OBIS Antarctic Node (the SCAR Marine Biodiversity Information Network, www.scarmarbin.be), a new initiative, the multi-authored "CAML Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean", has been established under the aegis of the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) to provide an up-to-date synthesis of Antarctic and sub-Antarctic biogeographic knowledge and to make available a new comprehensive online resource for visualisation, analysis and modelling of species distribution. It will constitute a major scientific output of CAML and SCAR-MarBIN as well as being a significant legacy of CoML and the International Polar Year to fulfill the needs of biogeographic information for science, conservation, monitoring and sustainable management of the changing Southern Ocean. It will be of direct benefit to the Antarctic Treaty and associated bodies such as the Convention for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.
The Pacific Seabird Group (PSG) is a society of professional seabird researchers and managers dedicated to the study and conservation of seabirds. PSG was formed in 1972.
- http://www.pacificseabirdgroup.org/index.php?f=index&t=Home&s=1 , og
- http://www.pacificseabirdgroup.org/index.php?f=pub_pacificseabirds&t=Pacific Seabirdss&s=1
Naturhistorie:
Notes of a Botanist on the Amazon & Andes: Being Records of Travel on the Amazon and Its Tributaries, the Trombetas, Rio Negro, Uaupés, Casiquiri, Pacimoni, Huallaga, and Pastasa; as Also to the Cataracts of the Orinoco, Along the Eastern Side of the Andes of Peru and Ecuador, and the Shores of the Pacific, During the Years 1849-1864, I-II. / : Richard Spruce. - London: Macmillan, 1908.
- https://archive.org/details/notesofbotanisto11908spru
- https://archive.org/details/notesofbotanisto21908spru
Vådområder:
International Network of Basin Organizations / Det internationale netværk af flodbassin organisationer.
- http://www.inbo-news.org/spip.php?sommaire⟨=en:
Magellanstrædet.
Peace Palace Library: Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law.
Klima:
Luchin, V., A. Kruts, O. Sokolov, V. Rostov, N. Rudykh, T. Perunova, E. Zolotukhin, V. Pischalnik, L. Romeiko, V. Hramushin, V. Shustin, Y. Udens, O. Baranova, I. Smolyar, E. Yarosh. 2009. Climatic Atlas of the North Pacific Seas 2009: Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, and Sea of Japan. V. Akulichev, Yu. Volkov, V. Sapozhnikov, S. Levitus, Eds., NOAA Atlas NESDIS 67, U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., 329 pp., DVD Disc.
- ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/pub/data.nodc/woa/PACIFIC09/DOC/english.pdf
Geologi og jordbundsforhold: Bjerge, vulkaner, jordskælv og ørkenområder:
Geology: Mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and desert areas
Géologie: Montagnes, volcans, tremblements de terre et les zones désertiques
Geología: Montañas, volcanes, terremotos y zonas desérticas
Geologie: Berge, Vulkane, Erdbeben und Wüstengebiete
Ildringen er betegnelsen for det bælte af vulkaner, der ligger rundt langs de asiatiske og amerikanske stillehavskyster. Forkastningerne i området er hjemsted for hovedparten af verdens aktive vulkaner. Ca. fire femtedele af alle verdens jordskælv og vulkanudbrud finder sted i bæltet. / The Ring of Fire is an area in the basin of the Pacific Ocean where a large number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions occur. In a 40,000 km (25,000 mi) horseshoe shape, it is associated with a nearly continuous series of oceanic trenches, volcanic arcs, and volcanic belts and/or plate movements. It has 452 volcanoes and is home to over 75% of the world's active and dormant volcanoes.
World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
UNEP-WCMC (2008). National and Regional Networks of Marine Protected Areas: A Review of Progress. Cambridge.
- http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/publications/otherpubs/pdfs/MPA_Network_report.pdf
UNESCO: Phoenix Islands Protected Area: Nomination for a World Heritage Site 2009.
- http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1325.pdf
Tekst:
Demografi:
The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011.
Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2014. United Nations Publication, 2014.
- http://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/ESCAP-SYB2014_0.pdf
Historie: Oldtiden / Antiquity. Helleristninger / petroglyph.
Deltagelse i konflikter, militærkup og i krige
Kultur:
Biblioteksvæsen / Libraries. Bogvæsen / Books:
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Kunst / Art
Litteratur:
Film / Movies / cinéma / Cine / Filme:
Filmhistorie:
Filmcensur:
Undervisning i film:
Producentselskaber:
Filmografier:
Tekst:
Musik:
Teater:
Politik:
International organisering
Fredsbevægelser: / Peace movements / les mouvements pacifistes / movimientos por la paz / Friedensbewegungen
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer:
Religion
Sociale forhold: Officiel homofobi.
Uddannelse
Universiteter
Økonomi:
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Naturresourcer og energi / Natural resources:
Erhverv, handel og industri:
Se også: Arafurahavet, Caribbean Forum of African, Caribbean and Pacific States / Gruppen af stater i Afrika, Vestindien og Stille-havet (AVS-landene) ; Farallon Island Radioactive Waste Dump ; fiskeri ; Forsøgsområderne i Stillehavet ; Koraltrekanten ; marine ; El Niño ; Melanesien ; Mikronesien ; Pacific Islands Forum ; Polynesien ; Rarotonga traktaten ; South Pacific Commission, 1947-. nu siden 1997 Pacific Community ; Stillehavet som atomvåbenfri zone ; U.N. Convention on Law of the Sea ; ubåde ; ø.
Se tillige: Atlanterhavet, Den engelske kanal, Middelhavet, Nordsøen, Østersøen.
See also: the Atlantic, the English Channel, the Mediterranean, the North Sea, Pacific Ocean, Baltic Sea
Ramsar-konventionen om bevaring af vådområder / The Ramsar Convention on the conservation of wetlands.

Litteratur

An index to the islands of the Pacific Ocean: a handbook to the chart on the walls of the Bernice Pauahi Bishop museum of Polynesian ethnology and natural history (1900).
- http://www.archive.org/details/indextoislandsof00briguoft
A catalogue of 1017 books, maps, pamphlets, etc. relating to Australia, New Zealand and the South Seas, including many rare volumes with beautiful coloured plates and fine bindings (1920).
- http://www.archive.org/details/catalogueof1017b00calvrich
SPC (2013). Deep Sea Minerals: Deep Sea Minerals and the Green Economy. Baker, E., and Beaudoin, Y. (Eds.) Vol. 2, Secretariat of the Pacific Community.
- http://www.sopac.org/dsm/index.php/publications-and-reports
Dixon, Roland Burrage: Oceanic Mythology I-XVI (1916).
- http://www.archive.org/details/oceanicmytholog02dixogoog
Ikke alle bind er digitaliseret 2012.
'A highly readable and scholarly cross-cultural study of Pacific mythology and folklore, covering Polynesia, Micronesia, Melanesia, Indonesia and Australia. It includes summaries of material only available in obscure 19th Century scholarly journals.
Edwards's Australasian catalogue. Catalogue of books relating to Australasia, Malaysia, Polynesia, the Pacific coast of America, and the South Seas; on sale at the prices affixed (1898-1899). - 264 s.
- http://www.archive.org/details/edwardssaustrala00edwa
From Bikini to Belau : Nuclear Colonization of the Pacific. / : Peter D. Jones.
- London : War Resisters' International, 1988.
Mayor, Alfred Goldsborough: A history of Tahiti; A history of Fiji; Papua, where the stone-age lingers; The men of the mid-Pacific; The islands of the mid-Pacific; Java, the exploited islands (1916).
- http://archive.org/details/historyoftahitih00mayo
A new directory for the East-Indies: containing, I. The first discoveries made in the East-Indies by European voyagers and travellers. II. The origin, construction, and application of nautical and hydrographical charts. III. The natural causes, and observed phænomena, of the constant and variable winds, trade-winds, monsoons, and currents, throughout the East-India oceans, and seas. IV. A description of the sea coasts, islands, rocks, harbours, shoals, sands, sea-marks, soundings, &c. in the Oriental navigation. V. Directions for navigating in the East-India seas, to the best advantage, at different times of the year. VI. Directions for sailing to and from the East-Indies, as recommended and practised by experienced navigators and mariners (1791).
- http://www.archive.org/details/newdirectoryfore00herb
Ragone, D., and H.I. Manner. 2006. Artocarpus mariannensis (dugdug), ver. 2.1. In: Elevitch, C.R. (ed.). Species Profiles for Pacific Island Agroforestry. Permanent Agriculture Resources (PAR), Holualoa, Hawai‘i.
- http://www.traditionaltree.org .
A voyage to the Pacific ocean. Undertaken, by the command of His Majesty, for making discoveries in the Northern hemisphere, to determine the position and extent of the west side of North America; its distance from Asia; and the practicability of a northern passage to Europe. Performed under the direction of Captains Cook, Clerke, and Gore, in His Majesty's ships the Resolution and Discovery, in the years 1776, 1777, 1778, 1779, and 1780 (1784).
- http://www.archive.org/details/voyagetopacifico03cook


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