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Palau er en Østat og republik i
Mikronesien i Stillehavet.
Nuværende navn Belau. Også af englænderne kaldet
Pelew eller Palos øerne - som spanierne benævnte dem,
efter deres palmer. På katalansk betyder Palau: palads.
Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection Republic of Palau
'The Republic of Palau became an Independent Nation on October
1, 1994 with the implementation of the Compact of Free Association
between Palau and the United States of America. Palau stretches
from about 2 to 8 degrees north latitude and 131 to 135 degrees
east longitude. Palau covers 189 square miles of land area
including the rock islands. The surrounding sea area includes an
exclusive economic zone extending over 237,850 square miles. The
capital of Palau was relocated to Ngerulmud, Melekeok in 2006.
Koror remain the economic center for Palau, with a land area of 7.1
square miles where two thirds of the population resides. Koror lies
just south of Micronesia’s second largest island, Babeldaob
which contains 153 square miles of undulating forests, grasslands,
rivers, waterfalls, wetlands, mangroves and some of the most
beautiful stretches of beaches.
Palau consists of more than 340 islands, with only eight being
inhabited. These are, from Northeast to Southwest: Kayangel,
Babeldaob, Koror, Peleliu, Angaur, Sonsorol, Pulo Anna, Hatohobei
and Helen Reef. Most of the islands are of volcanic origin, and
others are of raised limestone. Babeldaob is the largest island,
making up eighty percent of the total land area. Babeldaob Island
consists of ten states, namely Airai, Aimeliik, Ngeremlengui,
Ngerchelong, Ngchesar, Melekeok, Ngiwal, Ngaraard, Ngardmau and
2012 Statistical Yearbook: Republic of Palau, Bureau of Budget
& Planning, Ministry of Finance, 2013.
Section 1. 'Palau shall have jurisdiction and sovereignty over
its territory which shall consist of all of the islands of the
Palauan archipelago, the internal waters, the territorial waters,
extending to two hundred (200) nautical miles from a straight
archipelagic baseline, the seabed, subsoil, water column, insular
shelves, and airspace over land and water, unless otherwise limited
by international treaty obligations assumed by Palau. The straight
archipelagic baseline shall be drawn from the northernmost point of
Ngeruangel Reef, thence east to the northernmost point of Kayangel
Island and around the island to its easternmost point, south to the
easternmost point of the Babeldaob barrier reef, south to the
easternmost point of Helen's Reef, west from the southernmost point
of Helen's Reef to the easternmost point of Tobi Island and then
around the island to its westernmost point, north to the
westernmost point of Fana Island, and north to the westernmost
point of Ngeruangel Reef and then around the reef to the point of
Constitution of the Republic of Palau, 1979.
Geografihistoriske primærkilder og fremstillinger /
Geography Historical primary sources and
George Keate: An account of the Pelew Islands situated in the
Western part of the Pacific Ocean : composed from the journals and
communications of Captain Henry Wilson and some of his officers,
who, in August 1783, were there shipwrecked in the Antelope, a
packet belonging to the Honourable East India Company ...