is

1. Oldengelsk, oldtysk: Afkølede og dermed frosne væskers faste tilstandsform, herunder isbjerge, indlandsis, pakis og iskerner.
Iskerner anvendes til at måle klimaforandringer i tid.
Dødis er gletsjeris, der ikke længere er i bevægelse / Dead-ice occurs when a glacier or ice sheet ceases to move and melts.
Kryosfæren / Cryosphere er de dele af klodens systemer, hvor vand findes i fast form så som indlandsis, ishylder og gletsjere, isdækket på Polarhavet, permafrost, isbjerge og sne.
Det er en herskende karakter i Arktis og subarktiske områder, og strækker sig ud over det meste af Norden.
US National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) formål er at forbedre vores forståelse af Jordens frosne områder. dette indbefatter vores planets flydende havis, sø is, gletsjere, iskapper, snedække og frosne jord, kollektivt kendt som kryosfæren.
The mission of the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) is to improve our understanding of the Earth’s frozen realms. This includes our planet’s floating sea ice cover, lake ice, glaciers, ice sheets, snow cover and frozen ground, collectively known as the cryosphere. - http://nsidc.org/pubs/documents/annual/NSIDC-2012-AnnualReport.pdf
2. dessert.
Se også: Antarktis (Sydpolen) ; bræ ; glaciologi ; IPCC ; hydrologi ; isbryder ; isbrydning ; Isbrydningsnævnet ; Isbrydningsrådet ; iskanon ; istid, herunder den lille istid ; isdøgn ; iskoldt ; isstorm ; klima ; klimaforskning ; klimatologi ; meteologi ; naturvidenskab ; permafrost ; tø ; smeltevand ; Statens Istjeneste ; US Army Corps of Engineers: Cold Regions Research & Engineering Laboratory ; våge ; åndehul.

Litteratur

Hvad indlandsisen gemmer. / : Owen Wilkes. Forsvar, 1980:1 s. 18-20.
Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World, 2010.
- http://pubs.usgs.gov/pp/p1386/
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1386, Satellite Image Atlas of Glaciers of the World, contains 11 chapters designated by the letters A through K. Chapter A provides a comprehensive, yet concise, review of the "State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial Environments," and a "Map/Poster of the Earth's Dynamic Cryosphere," and a set of eight "Supplemental Cryosphere Notes" about the Earth's Dynamic Cryosphere and the Earth System. The next 10 chapters, B through K, are arranged geographically and present glaciological information from Landsat and other sources of historic and modern data on each of the geographic areas. Chapter B covers Antarctica; Chapter C, Greenland; Chapter D, Iceland; Chapter E, Continental Europe (except for the European part of the former Soviet Union), including the Alps, the Pyrenees, Norway, Sweden, Svalbard (Norway), and Jan Mayen (Norway); Chapter F, Asia, including the European part of the former Soviet Union, China, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal, and Bhutan; Chapter G, Turkey, Iran, and Africa; Chapter H, Irian Jaya (Indonesia) and New Zealand; Chapter I, South America; Chapter J, North America (excluding Alaska); and Chapter K, Alaska. Chapters A–D each include map plates.


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