Robeson, Paul

F. 1898 D. 1976
Amerikansk atlet, folkesanger, skuespiller, advokat, borger-rettighedsforkæmper, fagforeningsagitator og pacifist.
Som bassanger medvirkede Paul Robeson bl.a. til gospelmusikkens popularisering.
Overvåget af Det amerikanske Forbundspoliti, FBI, CIA og MI5 i mere end 30 år.
Han blev anklaget for u-amerikansk virksomhed og hans pas inddraget i otte år. I 1958 var Robeson på turné i Moskva og indspillede en plade med en række folkesange fra hele verden, herunder også 'Joe Hill' om den berømte svensk-amerikanske fagforeningsagitator.
The Paul Robeson Foundation er opkaldt efter ham. Omfattende diskografi, herunder, eksempelvis: The Incomparable voice of Paul Robeson His Master's Voice DLP.1155 1957, Live, Moskva 1958, Arbejderen 2004.
Paul Robeson & Earl Robinson Singen das andere Amerika Eterna 8 10 021 1959.

Se også: Musik fra Afrika ; Musik fra Amerika ; Musik fra Asien ; Musik fra Europa ; Musik fra Oceanien (inkl. Australien og New Zealand)
Amerikansk musik ; Amerikanske pladeselskaber ; Amerikansk folkemusik ; Amerikansk jazz ; Amerikansk musiklitteratur ; Canadisk musik ; Dansk filmmusik ; Dansk musik ; Dansk folkemusik ; Dansk guldalder jazz ; Dansk klassisk musik ; Dansk musiklitteratur ; Danske komponister ; Danske pladeselskaber ; Danske musikarkiver ; Engelsk musik ; Engelsk musik litteratur ; Engelske pladeselskaber ; Fransk musik ; Færøsk musik ; Grønlandsk musik ; Irsk musik ; Skotsk musik ; Svensk musik ; Tysk musik.


Paul Robeson: Loch Lomond.
Paul Robeson: Joe Hill.
'Hill was memorialised in a tribute poem written about him c. 1930 by Alfred Hayes titled "I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night", sometimes referred to simply as "Joe Hill". Hayes's lyrics were turned into a song in 1936 by Earl Robinson:
Paul Robeson sang this song while in Edinburgh to perform a miners' benefit concert in the Usher Hall for 3000 miners and their families sponsored by the Scottish National Union of Mineworkers as featured in the documentary film A Star Drops In (1949):
"Robeson had long been something of a hero to the British mining community, ever since he starred in the film Proud Valley (d. Pen Tennyson, 1940) as an American sailor stranded in Cardiff who finds work in a Welsh colliery (the newsreel opens with a short clip from the film). Robeson then visits an Edinburgh colliery and sings 'I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night' in its canteen. Joe Hill was a poet and union organiser for the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), executed on a trumped-up murder charge in 1915 and subsequently immortalised as a workers' hero of similar stature to Robeson himself." Part of the Raretunes Archive- see
Here I Stand (1958)
"The Culture of the Negro," The Spectator, London, June 15, 1934
"I Want to Be African," What I Want from Life, London, 1934
"Freedom in Their Own Land," National Guardian, December 20, 1948
"I, Too, Am American," Reynolds News, London, February 27, 1949
"Songs of My People," Soviestskaia muzyka, July 1949
Open Letter to President Truman, New Africa, October 12, 1949
"Here's My Story" column, Freedom, 1950-1955
"Bonds of Brotherhood," Jewish Life, November 1954
"Their Victories for Peace Are Also Ours," New World Review, November 1955
"Come and See for Yourself," Moscow News, February 24, 1960
Shirpley Graham: Paul Robeson Citizen Of The World (1946).
Eslanda Goode Robeson: Paul Robeson Negro (1930).
Roger, Sydney: A liberal journalist on the air and on the waterfront : oral history transcript : labor and political issues, 1932-1990 / 1998.
Subject: 'Bridges, Harry, 1901-; Hall, Jack, 1914-; Wallace, Henry Agard, 1888-1965; Robeson, Paul, 1898-1976; Du Bois, W. E. B. (William Edward Burghardt), 1868-1963; Lewis, John Llewellyn, 1880-1969; Lattimore, Owen, 1900-1989; Parks, Rosa, 1913-2005; International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union; International Brotherhood of Teamsters, Chauffeurs, Warehousemen, and Helpers of America; United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities; United Nations Conference on International Organization (1945 : San Francisco, Calif.); Jewish journalists -- Interviews; Journalists -- California San Francisco Bay Area Interviews; Labor -- United States History 20th century; Free Speech Movement (Berkeley, Calif.); Civil rights -- United States History 20th century; Vietnam War, 1961-1975; United States -- Politics and government 20th century.'

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