atmosfæriske atomvåbenforsøg

Atmospheric nuclear weapons tests
Græsk: Atomvåbenforsøg i atmosfæren i den første del af den kolde krig frem til Prøvestopaftalen i 1963.
Stort set alle atomvåbenforsøg i perioden 1946-1964 var atmosfæriske.
Oplysninger om forsøgene er stadig skjulte eller maskeret som klassificeret information.
Miljøforurening
/ Contamination, environmental pollution
Barium ; beryllium ; cerium ; cæsium ; jod ; krypton ; lanthanum ; molybdæn ; neptunium ; niobium ; plutonium ; polonium ; radioaktivitet ; ruthenium ; strontium-90 ; tellur ; tritium ; uran ; xenon ; zirkonium.
Se også: Atompacifisme.

Litteratur

GAO: Nuclear Health and Safety: Mortality Study of Atmospheric Nuclear Test Participants Is Flawed, 1992.
- http://www.gao.gov/products/RCED-92-182
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on a National Academy of Sciences report on nuclear test participants, focusing on: (1) the accuracy of the participant and radiation exposure data that were supplied to the Academy; (2) when and how inaccuracies in the data occurred and were discovered; and (3) what actions have been taken to correct the data and update the 1985 mortality study. GAO found that: (1) the Defense Nuclear Agency (DNA) has consolidated and refined participant nuclear test series databases and comparisons of preconsolidation and postconsolidation data show inaccuracies; (2) DNA discovered through its comparison that about 15,000 of the 47,435 individuals assessed did not participate in the tests and about 28,000 participants were not included in the study's results; (3) the inaccuracies resulted from pressures to complete the work, inexperienced data gatherers, and difficulties in obtaining complete and accurate records; (4) DNA radiation data provided to the National Academy of Sciences were understated and contained inaccuracies due to exposure data being incorrectly transcribed; (5) despite discussions between DNA and the Academy, data inaccuracies continue, and the data can be used for approximations only; and (6) DNA is contracting with the Academy for follow-up study.

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