Kernevåbens medicinske konsekvenser for Danmark

atomkrig

Græsk: Sammensat begreb af atom og krig.
Enhver form for væbnet konflikt, krigsførelse, hvori der benyttes eller trues med anvendelse af atomvåben. Anden verdenskrig var den første atomkrig pga Hiroshima og Nagasaki.
Selv om alle medlemmer af atomvåbenklubben formodentlig har planer for anvendelse af kernevåben i tilfælde af krig, er det kun den amerikanske SIOP-plan fra 1962? - med senere varianter - som er offentliggjorte.
According to Launch on Warning, 'Under the circumstances of the U.S.-Soviet Cold War, a launch-on-warning capability was a logical consequence of nuclear planning. Many Soviet targets were "time urgent" military ones that would have to be destroyed quickly. By the early 1950s, soon after Moscow began producing nuclear weapons, those Soviet nuclear facilities and nuclear delivery systems that could be detected became a prime target for U.S. nuclear war planning. Because those forces posed the great threat to the United States and its allies, U.S. military commanders and intelligence agencies looked closely for signs that the Soviet leadership might be preparing them for use in a surprise attack. By the mid-1950s, the commanders of U.S. strategic nuclear forces readily assumed that if they received "strategic warning" of an impending Soviet attack, it would be essential to stage a quick preemptive launch of SAC bombers on Soviet strategic nuclear and command and control targets. Consistent with this, the first Single Integrated Operational Plan (SIOP), approved by President Dwight Eisenhower in the fall of 1960, included preemptive and retaliatory options for massive nuclear attacks on the most threatening Soviet targets'.
USAs daværende præsident Richard M. Nixon truede med at anvende atomvåben mod Nordvietnam under Vietnamkrigen.
Se også: Apokalypse ; atomisvinterteorien ; BOOB Attack ; countercity ; counterforce ; countervailing strategy ; deterrence ; Doctrine for Joint Nuclear Operations ; dommedagsmaskinen ; EMP ; forarmet uran ; kanon ; MAD ; militærpolitik ; NUTS ; overkill ; Schlesinger-doktrinen ; skræksscenarie ; theater nuclear support ; teatret ; terrorbalance ; total atomkrig.

Litteratur

Burr, William: "To Have the Only Option That of Killing 80 Million People is the Height of Immorality" : The Nixon Administration, the SIOP, and the Search for Limited Nuclear Options, 1969-1974. ; National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 173.
- http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB173/index.htm
Choices : A unit on conflict and nuclear war : A project of Union of Concernes Scientists in cooperation with Massachusetts Teachers Association and National Education Association. - Washington D, C. : National Education Association, 1983 : 144 s. - ISBN 0-8106-1425-1
Joint Chiefs of Staff, Joint Secretariat, Historical Division, Joint Chiefs of Staff Special Historical Study: A Historical Study of Strategic Connectivity, 1950-1981 July 1982, Top Secret.
Kernevåbens medicinske konsekvenser for Danmark / Rapport udarbejdet af Den almindelige danske Lægeforening ved en arbejdsgruppe nedsat af lægeforeningens hygiejnekomité. I: Ugeskrift for Læger, 1986:34 spalte 2172-2184 og 1986:35 spalte 2242-2256.
L. Wainstein et al., The Evolution of U.S. Strategic Command and Control and Warning, 1945-1972. Institute for Defense Analyses, June 1975, Top Secret. Source: FOIA request; also in National Security Archive published collection, U.S. Nuclear History: Nuclear Weapons and Politics in the Missile Era, 1955-68, Washington, D.C., 1998) , available on Digital National Security Archive.
Launch on Warning: The Development of U.S. Capabilities 1959-1972, April 2001.National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book 43.
- http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/nukevault/ebb403/
Nixon White House Considered Nuclear Options Against North Vietnam, Declassified Documents Reveal : Nuclear Weapons, the Vietnam War, and the "Nuclear Taboo".
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 195 / editors William Burr ; Jeffrey Kimball
- http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB195/index.htm


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