brintbombe ; fusionsbombe

Eksploderende fusionsbombe
Fransk: Bombe, hvis sprængladning består af uran og brint. Ved eksplosion frigøres store energimængder ved processer, hvor brintkerner sammensluttes til heliumkerner i fussions-processer. Brintbomben udvikles først i USA og Sovjetunionen under den kolde krig. Japanske fiskere omkommer på grund af radioaktiv bestråling efter et amerikansk brintbombeforsøg i 1954, hvilket dokumenteres i The Fifth Lucky Dragon Dispaly Hosue, Tokio.
Se også: Los Almos ; atomeksplosion ; atomisvinter ; atomvåben ; fissionsbombe ; kernevåben ; masseødelæggelsesvåben ; J. Robert Oppenheimer ; neuronbomber ; Edward Teller.

Litteratur

Lindberg, Kristian: Bitre rivaler i våbenkapløbets kulisser. I: Berlingske Tidende, 04/18/2005.
CRS: Manufacturing Nuclear Weapon “Pits”: A Decisionmaking Approach for Congress. / : Jonathan E. Medalia, 2014.
- http://fas.org/sgp/crs/nuke/R43685.pdf
'A pit is a nuclear weapon component, a hollow plutonium shell that is imploded with conventional explosives to create a nuclear explosion that triggers the rest of the weapon.
During the Cold War, the Rocky Flats Plant (CO) manufactured as many as 2,000 pits per year. On June 6, 1989, armed agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Environmental Protection Agency raided Rocky Flats to investigate suspected environmental crimes.1 As a result, DOE first suspended pit production at Rocky Flats later that year, subsequently halted it permanently, and eventually dismantled the plant and remediated the site.'
New Memoir by Participant in U.S. H-Bomb Program Sheds Light on the Making of the First Test Device
First-Hand Perspectives on Edward Teller and Other Leading Figures, and on Dispute over Who Originated Key Idea of Radiation Implosion
Book by Kenneth W. Ford Being Published Over Objections of Department of Energy
First Full Account of Project Matterhorn, Pioneering Effort in Use of Computer Technologies for Nuclear Weapons Development
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 507
Posted - March 24, 2015
Washington, DC, Posted March 24, 2015 -- A new scientific memoir by one of the few surviving participants in the U.S. H-bomb project provides fresh information and insights into the production of the world's first thermonuclear device. In an exclusive essay and selection of declassified documents provided to the National Security Archive and posted today on the Archive's website (www.nsarchive.org), the author, Dr. Kenneth W. Ford, brings to light intriguing pieces of the H-bomb's early history, including personal aspects such as the brittle relationship between physicists Edward Teller and Stanislaw Ulam and their feud over who came up with one of the central theories leading to the H-bomb's development.
Building the H Bomb, A Personal History (Singapore: World Scientific, 2015) describes a central element of the process -- the Princeton University-based "Project Matterhorn" -- where Ford and his colleagues used the latest computer technology to calculate the mid and late stages of a thermonuclear explosion, especially the burning of the nuclear fuel. The Matterhorn calculations were essential to the IVY MIKE thermonuclear test that caused the island of Elugelab -- part of Enewetak atoll in the Marshall Islands -- to disappear on 1 November 1952.
Shot in the Dark : The largest nuclear bomb in U.S. history still shakes Rongelap Atoll and its displaced people 50 years later. Beverly Deepe Keever Feb 5,2004.
The Radioactive Signature of the Hydrogen Bomb / : Lars-Erik De Geer.
Science & Global Security, 1991, Volume 2, pp.351-363.
'It has long been supposed that the Teller-illam invention of February 1951, that made the construction of a full-scale fusion device feasible could be deduced from a careful analysis of the debris that scatters worldwide after an atmospheric test. This was part of the theme of an article in the January/February 1990 issue of the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists written by Daniel Hirsch and William G. Mathews. Their conclusion, arrived at to a large degree through interviews with Hans Bethe, was that the H-bomb secret was given to the Soviets, not through the spy Klaus Fuchs, but rather by carrying out Mike, the first test of a fusion device based on the Teller-illam ideas. The Bulletin article and an extended version of that paper issued by the Los Angeles based Committee to Bridge the Gap argue that the observation of the very high neutron fluencies in the explosion, which can be derived from the fallout composition, would lead a competent scientist to the trick.'
USA efterlod brintbombe i Grønland. / Jakob Hvide Beim ; Sanne Fahnøe. I: Politiken, 11/12/2007.


Send kommentar, email eller søg i Fredsakademiet.dk
Locations of visitors to this page