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/ Pakistan's Nuclear
- Pakistan er medlem af
- Militærforskning og
/ Military Research and Development
/ Recherche et développement militaire
/ Investigación y Desarrollo Militar
/ Militärische Forschung und Entwicklung:
- CRS: Nuclear Weapons
R&D Organizations in Nine Countries. / : Jonathan Medalia
et al., 2013.
'United States, China, France, India, Israel, North Korea,
Pakistan, Russia and United Kingdom.'
- International politik:
- Local Nuclear War, Worry has focused on the U.S. versus Russia,
but a regional nuclear war between India and Pakistan could blot
out the sun, starving much of the human race. / : Alan Robock and
Owen Brian Toon Scientific American, January 2010.
- Se også: Aktuelle stater med atomvåben,
kernevåben: Frankrig, Indien,
Israel, Kina, Nordkorea,
Pakistan, Rusland, Storbritannien og USA.
- See also: Current states with nuclear weapons: France, India,
Israel, China, North Korea, Pakistan, Russia, UK and USA.
- Hans M. Kristensen, Robert S. Norris & Julia Diamond
Pakistani nuclear forces, 2018, Bulletin of the Atomic
Scientists, 74:5, 348-358,
- CRS: Pakistan's Nuclear
Weapons. / : Paul K. Kerr ; Mary Beth Nikitin, 2016.
- New Documents
Spotlight Reagan-era Tensions over Early Pakistani Nuclear
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 377,
'This is the third in a series of Electronic Briefing Books on U.S.
policy toward the Pakistani nuclear program. The first was on the
Carter administration's policy; the second was on the efforts to
work with allies to prevent the export of sensitive technology to
- The U.S. and the Pakistani Bomb, 1984-1985: General Zia,
President Reagan, and Seymour Hersh
Declassified State Department Documents Disclose Internal U.S.
Government Debate over Whether to Enforce "Red Lines" for Nuclear
Activities in Pakistan, and Worries about an Indian "Pre-Emptive
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 531. / :
Edited by William Burr.
Washington, D.C., 14 October 2015 - In July 1984, U.S. customs
agents arrested a Pakistani national, Nazir Ahmed Vaid, at Houston
International Airport for trying to purchase krytrons--useful for
triggering nuclear weapons--and smuggle them out of the United
States Some months later, Vaid was found guilty of violating export
control laws, but a plea bargain produced a light penalty:
deportation. Months later, journalist Seymour Hersh wrote a major
article about the Vaid case for the New York Times and quoted a
U.S. government official who said that the State Department had
been "blase" about the case.
Declassified documents, published today by the National Security
Archive for the first time, portray State Department officials on
the defensive in their discussions with Hersh, denying his
implication that the Department "had deliberately tried to
soft-pedal" the case. Other officials were not so sure. Arch
Turrentine, a senior official at the Arms Control and Disarmament
Agency (ACDA), conceded that State "may have been reluctant to push
too hard ... for fear of upsetting US-Pakistani relations."
According to Turrentine, "we should do better next time."
Today's posting thus explores important divisions within the U.S.
government over Pakistani nuclear proliferation as it played out
against the backdrop of the war in Afghanistan, exposing some
difficult and controversial trade-offs in support of U.S. foreign
policy interests. At the same time, the documents open a
fascinating window into official attempts to manage outside
scrutiny of a sensitive U.S. policy by one of America's
hardest-hitting investigative reporters.
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