Yemen

Geografi ; natur ; demografi ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; musik ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi.
Geography; nature; demographics; history, culture, music, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía.
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Mellemøstlig, arabisk  republik med grænser til Oman og Saudi Arabien og kystlinjer til Adenbugten og Det røde hav. Socotra øgruppen / Socotra Archipelago. Geografihistoriske primær­kilder og fremstillinger: Carsten Niebuhr ekspeditionen. Recueil de questions, proposées à une société de savants, qui par ordre de Sa Majesté danoise font le voyage de l'Arabie (1774).
- http://www.archive.org/details/recueildequesti00schogoog
Det første moderne kort over Yemen er udarbejdet af kartografen Carsten Niebuhr og publiceret i 1772: Terrae Yemen maxima Pars. seu Imperii Imami, Principatus Kaukebân, nec non ditionum Haschid U Bekîl, Nehhm, Chaulân, Abu Arîsch Et Aden Tabula : ex observationibus astronomicis et hodometricis jussu et suntibus Potentissimor: Daniae Regnum Friderici V et Christiani VII institutis. / : delineata Auctore C. Niebuhr ; Gustav Conrad Lotter Sculps.
Det er genoptrykt i nedenstående og online her:
- http://ocp.hul.harvard.edu/dl/ihp/011961896
Stig T. Rasmussen [red]: Den arabiske rejse 1761-1767: En dansk ekpedition set i videnskabshistorisk perspektiv. Rosinante, 1990.
Hogarth, David George: The penetration of Arabia; a record of the development of western knowledge concerning the Arabian Peninsula (1904).
- http://www.archive.org/details/penetrationarab00hogagoog
Lodovico de Varthema: The travels of Ludovico di Varthema in Egypt, Syria, Arabia Deserta and Arabia Felix, in Persia, India, and Ethiopia, A.D. 1503 to 1508 (1863).
- http://www.archive.org/details/travelsludovico00jonegoog
Jean de La Roque: A voyage to Arabia Felix through the Eastern Ocean and the streights of the Red-Sea, being the first made by the French in the years 1708, 1709 and, 1710; together with a particular account of a journey from Mocha to Muab or Mowahib, the court of the King of Yaman, in their second expedition in the years 1711, 1712 and 1713; also a narrative concerning the tree and fruit of coffee, and an historical treatise of the original progress of coffee, both in Asia and Europe; tr. from the French; to which is added, An account of the captivity of Sir Henry Middleton at Mokha, by the Turks in the year 1612, and his journey from thence to Zenan of Sanaa, the capital of the kingdom of Yaman (1732).
- http://www.archive.org/details/voyagetoarabiafe00laro
Demografi: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011.
FAO Statistical Yearbook 2014: Near East and North Africa. Food and Agriculture.
- Cairo : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Regional Office for the Near East and North Africa, 2014.
- http://www.fao.org/docrep/019/i3591e/i3591e.pdf
Historie: Kongerigerne Saba og Raidân. Kongeriget Hadhramaut. Kongeriget Awsan. Kongeriget Qataban. Kongeriget Himyar. Det aksumitiske rige (300-600). Det Islamiske Rige (631-1517). Persien. Shibam.
- http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/192/
Zabid.
- http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/611/threats/
Yemen blev koloniseret af Ethiopien og senere af Portugal i årene 1513–1538 og 1547–1548 og af Det ottomanske rige i årene 1538–1547 og 1548–1645. Efterfølgende blev Yemen regeret af Lahej sultanatet til 1838. Byen Aden i Sydyemen var 1888-1967 strategisk vigtige geopolitisk  britiske protektorater (Øst- og Vestaden) , hvis position bl.a. gjorde det muligt at sikre post- og handelsruter fa Egypten og Syrien til Indien mod pirater. Nordyemen kongedømme  1918-1962. Militærkup: 1962, efterfølgende borgerkrig. Nord- og Sydyemen forenes i 1990.
Yaman, its early mediæval history (1892)
- http://www.archive.org/details/yamanitsearlymed00umar
Arabia infelix; or, The Turks in Yamen (1915)
- http://www.archive.org/details/ArabiaInfelixOrTheTurksInYamen
Militærkup: 2015.
Deltagelse i krige / Participation in wars / Participation à des guerres / La participación en las guerras / Beteiligung an Kriegen
GAO: Yemen: DOD Should Improve Accuracy of Its Data on Congressional Clearance of Projects as It Reevaluates Counterterrorism Assistance, GAO-15-493, April 28, 2015.
- http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-493
Death by Drone: Civilian Harm Caused by U.S. Targeted Killings in Yemen. Open Society Justice Initiative, April 2015
- http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/reports/death-drone/
“Between a Drone and Al-Qaeda” : The Civilian Cost of US Targeted Killings in Yemen.
The 97-page report examines six US targeted killings in Yemen, one from 2009 and the rest from 2012-2013. Two of the attacks killed civilians indiscriminately in clear violation of the laws of war; the others may have targeted people who were not legitimate military objectives or caused disproportionate civilian deaths.
'The US Joint Special Operations Command (JSOC), which is a semi-covert arm of the military, and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) are estimated by research groups to have carried out 81 targeted killing operations in Yemen: one in 2002 and the rest since 2009. The strikes by drones, warplanes or cruise missiles by various counts have killed at least 473 combatants and civilians. The United States has also carried out hundreds of targeted killing operations, primarily by drones, in Pakistan and a small number of such strikes in Somalia.'
- http://www.hrw.org/reports/2013/10/22/between-drone-and-al-qaeda-0
Department of Defense, DoD USS Cole Commission Report, Executive Summary, January 9, 2001. In: The September 11th Sourcebooks. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 55 Edited by Jeffrey Richelson and Michael L. Evans. September 21, 2001.
http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB55/index1b.html
Kultur: Det lykkelige Arabien.
Massemedier og pressefrihed:
Internet enemies. Reporters Without Borders (Paris), 2009.
- http://www.rsf.org/IMG/pdf/Internet_enemies_2009_2_.pdf
Tekst:
Radio:
TV
Biblioteksvæsen. Bogvæsen:
Tekst:
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art
Film:
Teater:
Politik: - http://www.hrw.org/en/middle-eastn-africa/yemen
Leder: Det ulykkelige Arabien. I: Information, 6. juli 2015.
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties
CRS: Yemen: Background and U.S. Relations. / : Jeremy M. Sharp. 2015.
This report provides an overview and analysis of U.S.-Yemeni relations amidst evolving political change in Yemeni leadership, ongoing U.S. counterterrorism operations against Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) operatives in Yemen’s hinterlands, and international efforts to bolster the country’s stability despite an array of daunting socio-economic problems. Along with determining how best to counter terrorist threats emanating from Yemen, Congress and U.S. policy makers also may consider the priority level and resources that should be accorded to attempts to stabilize Yemen and to establish and maintain strong bilateral relations with Yemeni leaders.
On November 23, 2011, after eleven months of protests and violence that claimed over 2,000 lives, then-President Ali Abdullah Saleh of Yemen signed on to a U.S.-backed, Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)-brokered transition plan. In line with the plan, Yemen held a presidential election in February 2012 with one consensus candidate on the ballot—former Vice President Abed Rabbo Mansour al Hadi. President Hadi took office in February 2012 shortly after his election.
International organisering
Yemen har været medlem af Den sydarabiske protektorat, Føderationen af sydarabiske emirater 1959, Den sydarabiske føderation 1963 og De forenede arabiske stater og er medlem af Den arabiske liga, FN, IAEA.
Regering:
Parlament
Forsvar / militær: SIPRI: Militærudgifter / Military expenditure of Yemen.
Værnepligt: WRI: Country report and updates: Yemen.
Efterretningstjenester:
Paramilitære styrker:
Fredsbevægelser:
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer:
Religion: Overvejende Islam.
Sociale forhold: Officiel homofobi.
UN General Assembly, Sixty-sixth session: Children and armed conflict: Report of the Secretary-General. 2012. - 51 s.
Uddannelse
Universiteter
Økonomi: Den Internationale Bank for Genopbygning og Udvikling, Verdensbanken /
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Country at a Glance, 2011.
- http://go.worldbank.org/YB2ATM3HY0
- http://data.un.org/CountryProfile.aspx?crName=Yemen
ReliefWeb - Yemen
- http://reliefweb.int/country/yem
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug: FAO Country Profiles. Bomuld, kaffe.
Naturressourcer:
Erhverv, handel og industri:
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter: Import af våben fra USA.
U.S. Arms Exports and Military Assistance in the “Global War on Terror” : 25 Country Profiles. / Project Director: Rachel Stohl, Senior Analyst Contributing Authors: Sarah Chankin-Gould et al. Center for Defense Information at the World Security Institute, 2007. - 149 s. Online.

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