Niger

Geografi ; natur og klima ; demografi ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; musik ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi.
Geography; nature; demographics; history, culture, music, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía.
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Tropisk vestafrikansk republik i Sahelregionen med grænser til Algeriet, Benin, Burkina Faso, Libyen, Mali, Nigeria og Tchad. Geografihistoriske fremstillinger: Tabula Peutingeriana
- http://www.euratlas.net/cartogra/peutinger/index.html
A geographical and commercial view of northern Central Africa: containing a particular account of the course and termination of the great river Niger in the Atlantic ocean (1821).
http://www.archive.org/details/ageographicalan00macqgoog
Demografi: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011.
Loumann Nielsen, Sofie: Krigen i Libyen forværrer Nigers fattigdomKrigen i Libyen har sendt flere end 600.000 mennesker på flugt. I nabolandet Niger vender migrantarbejdere tomhændede hjem, og nødhjælpsorganisationer frygter nu en langvarig forværring af fattigdomssituationen. I: Information, 09/11/2011.
Hewett, J. F. Napier: European settlements on the west coast of Africa (1862).
http://www.archive.org/details/europeansettlem01hewegoog
Historie: Oldtiden. Helleristninger / petroglyph. Kanem imperiet (ca. 700-1376). Nok imperiet. Mali imperiet.
Niger var koloniseret af Frankrig.
Les français au Niger: voyages et combats (1885).
- http://www.archive.org/details/lesfranaisaunig00pietgoog
Militærkup: 1996, 1999, 2010.
Militærjunta har overtaget magten i Niger: Præsident Mamadou Tandja er sat af magten i Niger. Militærjuntaen beder om folkets og international tiltro til, at kuppet 'kan gøre Niger til et eksempel på demokrati og god regeringsførelse'. / Casper Ulsøe. Lagt på information.dk 19. februar 2010 kl. 21:20. Bragt i den trykte udgave 20. februar 2010 på side 10 i 1. sektion.
Deltagelse i krige / Participation in wars / Participation à des guerres / La participación en las guerras / Beteiligung an Kriegen
Kultur:
Massemedier og pressefrihed:
Tekst:
Radio:
TV
Biblioteksvæsen. Bogvæsen:
Tekst:
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art
Film:
Teater:
Politik
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties
International organisering
Niger er medlem af De vestafrikanske staters økonomiske fællesskab / the Economic Community Of West African States ECOWAS, FN og deltager i det amerikanske udenrigsministrielle, U.S. Africa Command (AFRICOM): Trans Sahara Counter-Terrorism Partnership 2005-., tidligere the Pan Sahel Initiative.
Regering:
Parlament
Forsvar / militær: SIPRI: Militærudgifter / Military expenditure of Niger.
Værnepligt: WRI: Country report and updates: Niger.
Efterretningstjenester:
Paramilitære styrker: Armed and Aimless: Armed Groups, Guns, and Human Security in the ECOWAS Region / Edited by Nicolas Florquin and Eric G. Berman. A Small Arms Survey Publication, May 2005. - 410 s.
- http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/publications/by-type/book-series/armed-and-aimless.html
Fredsbevægelser:
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer:
Religion: Overvejende Islam.
Sociale forhold:
Uddannelse
Universiteter
Økonomi: Den Internationale Bank for Genopbygning og Udvikling, Verdensbanken /
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Country at a Glance, 2011.
- http://go.worldbank.org/YB2ATM3HY0
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug: FAO Country Profiles.
Naturressourcer: Olie, uran.
An elemental force: Uranium production in Africa, and what it means to be nuclear.
/ Gabrielle Hecht. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientist, March/April 2012; 68 (2).
'Uranium from Africa was, and remains, a major source of fuel for atomic weapons and power plants throughout the world. Uranium for the Hiroshima bomb, for example, came from the Belgian Congo. During any given year of the Cold War, between 20 percent and 50 percent of the Western world's uranium came from African places: Congo, Niger, South Africa, Gabon, Madagascar, and Namibia.'
Duncan C, Kretz D, Wegmann M, Rabeil T, Pettorelli N. 2014 Oil in the Sahara: mapping anthropogenic threats toSaharan biodiversity from space. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 369: 20130191.
- http://rstb.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/royptb/369/1643/20130191.full.pdf
'Deserts are among the most poorly monitored and understood biomes in the world, with evidence suggesting that their biodiversity is declining fast. Oil exploration and exploitation can constitute an important threat to fragmented and remnant desert biodiversity, yet little is known about where and how intensively such developments are taking place. This lack of information hinders local efforts to adequately buffer and protect desert wildlife against encroachment from anthropogenic activity. Here, we investigate the use of freely available satellite imagery for the detection of features associated with oil exploration in the African Sahelo-Saharan region. We demonstrate how texture analyses combined with Landsat data can be employed to detect ground-validated exploration sites in Algeria and Niger.'
Erhverv, handel og industri: Atomkraftværker.
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter / Weapon Factories, arms trade and -transport / Les fabriques d'armes, le commerce des armes et de transport: Import af våben fra Sydafrika, USA.
Arms export and transfers from Sub-Saharan Africa to Sub-Saharan Africa. / Study realized by Africa Europe Faith and Justice Network, December 2010. - 11 s.
U.S. Arms Exports and Military Assistance in the “Global War on Terror” : 25 Country Profiles. / Project Director: Rachel Stohl, Senior Analyst Contributing Authors: Sarah Chankin-Gould et al. Center for Defense Information at the World Security Institute, 2007. - 149 s. Online.

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