Geologisk Nordamerika

Panama

Geografi ; natur og klima ; demografi ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; kunst ; film ; musik ; politik ; politiske partier ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography, nature and climate, demographics, history, wars, culture, film, music, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy and arms trade.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía.
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Panama er en tropisk nordamerikansk  republik med grænser til Colombia og Costa Rica og med kystlinjer til Det caribiske hav og Stillehavet. Panama er pga Panamakanalen et et strategisk vigtigt geopolitisk trafikknudepunkt mellem Atlanterhavet og Stillehavet.
Kultur:
Massemedier og pressefrihed:
Tekst:
Radio:
TV
Biblioteksvæsen / Libraries. Bogvæsen / Books:
Tekst:
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art
Kunstakademier
Kunsthistorie. Se: Latinamerikansk kunst
Kunstmuseer
Malere
Film / Movies / cinéma / Cine / Filme:
Filmhistorie:
Filmcensur:
Undervisning i film:
Producentselskaber:
Filmografier:
Tekst:
International organisering
Panama var medlem af the Central American Defence Council / Consejo de Defensa Centroamericana under Den kolde krig og er medlem af Contadoragruppen, FN, OAS, Riotraktaten.
Forsvar / militær: SIPRI: Militærudgifter / Military expenditure of Panama.
Værnepligt: Nej. WRI: Country report and updates: Panama.
United States Southern Command, US Caribbean Command, CARIBCOM. U.S. Army Operation Solidarity, Panama, 1961.
Exercise Directive Nr 1 (OPERATION SOLIDARITY), Headquarters Caribbean Command, 15 October 1960.
- http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a950094.pdf
'USARCARIB participates in a Caribbean Command combined training exercise (OPERATION SOLIDARITY), involving US Army, Air Force and Navy Units and including elements of Military Forces from selected Latin American countries. OPERATION SOLIDARITY will be conducted in the Rio Hato training area, Republic of Panama, during March 1961'
National Archives and Records Administration: Big Picture: Caribbean Command.
- http://archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.2569765
'DVD Copied by Liz Pruszko - Department of Defense. Department of the Army. Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Operations. U.S. Army Audiovisual Center. (ca. 1974 - 05/15/1984). In this thirty minute documentary, THE BIG PICTURE cameras provide a colorful panorama of Latin America locations. From the fascinating site of the Panama Canal with its strategic to colorful glimpses of carnival time, viewers will be exposed to the important story of what the U.S. Army is doing to bolster Latin America solidarity. "Operation Solidarity" was the combined military exercise that tested Latin American military preparedness to deter aggression if and when it should occur.'
Efterretningstjenester:
Paramilitære styrker:
Panamas fredsbevægelser: / Peace movements / les mouvements pacifistes / movimientos por la paz / Friedensbewegungen
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer / Social movements, including environmental organizations:
Religion:
Sociale forhold:
Uddannelse
Universiteter
Økonomi:
Offentlige myndigheder
Private organisationer:
Økonomipolitik:
Bankvæsen.
andet beskrives aktuelt af den amerikanske kongres forskningstjeneste som værende et skattely.
/ The country is currently described by the U.S. Congress Research Service as a tax haven.
/ Le pays est actuellement décrit par le Service de recherche du Congrès américain comme un paradis fiscal.
/ El país está descrito por los EE.UU. Servicio de Investigación del Congreso como un paraíso fiscal.
/ Das Land wird derzeit von der US-Kongress Forschungsdienst als Steueroase beschrieben.
Millions of documents show heads of state, criminals and celebrities using secret hideaways in tax havens. / : The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, Apr 3, 2016
- https://panamapapers.icij.org/
A giant leak of more than 11.5 million financial and legal records exposes a system that enables crime, corruption and wrongdoing, hidden by secretive offshore companies.
Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca’s files include the offshore holdings of drug dealers, Mafia members, corrupt politicians and tax evaders – and wrongdoing galore.
Behind the email chains, invoices and documents that make up the Panama Papers are often unseen victims of wrongdoing enabled by the shadowy offshore industry.
The Panama Papers expose the internal operations of one of the world’s leading firms in incorporation of offshore entities, Panama-headquartered Mossack Fonseca. The 2.6 terabyte trove of data at the core of this investigation contains nearly 40 years of records, and includes information about more than 210,000 companies in 21 offshore jurisdictions. Read more about the data and our methodology.
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug: Panama er medlem af Central American Agricultural Council, FAO Country Profiles. The Union of Banana Exporting Countries / Foreningen af bananeksporterende stater.
Kaffe / Coffee / Café / Kaffee, produktion og eksport.
Members of the International Coffee Organization.
Monthly export statistics - January 2016. / : the International Coffee Organization.
- http://www.ico.org/:
Naturressourcer: Guld, kopper i Cerro Colorado.
Høvding trodser Panamas præsident: Ngäbe-Buglé-folket modsætter sig regeringens planer om at anlægge miner og vandkraftværker på dets oprindelige jorder. De blokerede i dagevis trafikken på den panamerikanske motorvej, før deres protester blev nedkæmpet med vold. / Edward Helmore. Lagt på information.dk 23. februar 201. Bragt i den trykte udgave 24. februar 2012 på side 10 i 1. sektion.
Udenrigshandel / Foreign trade / Commerce extérieur / Außenhandel
Energi, erhverv, handel og industri:

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