Spanien

Geografi ; natur ; demografi ; historie ; kultur ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi.
Geography; nature; demographics; history, culture, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía.
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Europæisk kongerige med kolonierne Ceuta, Melilla. Grænser til Andorra, Frankrig, Portugal og Gilbratar og med kystlinjer til Atlanterhavet og Middelhavet.
Natur: World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
Demografi: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011. Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Avance del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero de 2009 Datos provisionales, 06/03/2009.
Les violences faites aux femmes pendant leur voyage clandestin: Algérie, France, Espagne, Maroc.
/ Smaïn Laacher. UNHCR. 2010. - 65 s. ; New issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 188.)
Historie: Oldtiden: Helleristninger / petroglyph. Kelterne eller gallerne / Celts, i bronce- og jernalderen. Middelalderen. Vandalerne. Emiratet Granada, 1228-1492. Kongeriget og sømagten Aragon 1137–1716. Kongerriget Majorca 1231-1344. Bartolomé de las Casas. Christopher Columbus.
Elektroniske primærkilder
Kolonier og protektorater
Fiske, John: The Discovery of America: with some account of ancient America and the Spanish conquest , 1900.
http://www.archive.org/details/discoveryofameri005261mbp
Present state of the Spanish colonies; : including a particular report of Hispañola, or the Spanish part of Santo Domingo; with a general survey of the settlements on the south continent of America, as relates to history, trade, population, customs, manners, &c., with a concise statement of the sentiments of the people on their relative situation to the mother country, &c. By William Walton, Jun. secretary to the expedition which captured the city of Santo Domingo from the French; and resident British agent there. (1810).
http://www.archive.org/details/presentstateofsp02walt
Deltagelse i krige
Spanske forældre søger efter deres stjålne børn: Titusindvis af spanske børn blev stjålet og solgt under Franco-diktaturet og helt frem til 1990’erne. I april i år lovede den spanske regering at etablere en dna-bank for de titusindvis af spanske forældre, som stadig leder efter deres børn, men ikke desto mindre føler forældrene, at de står alene med efterforskningen. / : Kathrine Storgaard Carlsen. Lagt på information.dk 3. juni 2012. Bragt i den trykte udgave 4. juni 2012 på side 10 i 1. sektion.
Beevor, Antony: Den spanske borgerkrig 1936-1939. Borgen, 2006.- ISBN: 87-21-02792-7
Spanish Refugee Relief Campaign: Children's cities in Spain. (1939).
- http://www.archive.org/details/ChildrensCitiesInSpain
Spain : the Spanish war in pictures : latest photos of Spain's fight for democracy. (1936).
- http://www.archive.org/details/SpainTheSpanishWarInPicturesLatestPhotosOfSpainsFightFor
Murray, James: An impartial history of the war in America; from its first commencement, to the present time ; together with the charters of the several colonies, and other authentic information ; likewise, the rise, progress, and political springs of the war now carrying on between Great-Britain, and the united powers of France, Spain, Holland, and America ; with a particular account of the several engagements both by sea and land (1782).
- http://www.archive.org/details/impartialhistory_01murr
Den kolde krig
Spanien har modtaget bistand via den amerikanske Mutual Defense Assistance Act / den gensidige forsvarsbistandslov.
Der er amerikanske kernevåben baseret i Spanien. Atomvåbenuheld
Kultur: Kultur: Compendium
- http://www.culturalpolicies.net/web/compendium.php og
- http://www.culturalpolicies.net/web/profiles-download.php?pcid=1010
Francesco José de Goya y Lucientes, Picasso. Fernando Sor (1778-1839).
Biblioteksvæsen. Bogvæsen:
Short-title catalogue of books printed in Spain and of Spanish books printed elsewhere in Europe before 1601 now in the British museum (1921).
- https://archive.org/details/shorttitlecatalo00brituoft
Bibliotheca hispano-americana : a catalogue of Spanish books printed in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, the Antilles, Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Chili, Uruguay, and the Argentine Republic, and of Portuguese books printed in Brazil : followed by a collection of works on the aboriginal languages of America (1870).
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tekst:
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art: Goya y Lucientes, Francesco José de
Salvador Dali, 1904-1989, billedkunstner.
- http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/salvador-dali
- https://archive.org/search.php?query=Salvador%20Dali&page=1
Film: Filmoteca Española (Madrid)
- www.mcu.es
Filmoteca Valenciana.CulturArts-IVAC (Valencia) 1998 ff
- www.ivac.gva.es
Musik:
Tidlige musikeksempler på latin: Peter Abélard: Monastic song : 12th century Monophonic chant / Theatre of Voices. Conductor: Paul Hillier. Harmonia Mundi HMU 907209 1998. Baseret på Las Huelgas Codex.
Gaspar Sanz (1640-1710) var en aragonske komponist, guitarist, organist og præst født i en velhavende familie i Calanda i nærheden af Bajo Aragón, Spanien. Han studerede musik, teologi og filosofi ved universitetet i Salamanca, hvor han senere blev udnævnt til professor i musik. Han skrev tre bind pædagogiske værker til den barokke guitar, der udgør en vigtig del af nutidens klassisk guitar repertoire og har informeret moderne forskere i barok guitarspillets teknikker.
Gaspar Sanz (1640–1710) was an Aragonese composer, guitarist, organist and priest born to a wealthy family in Calanda in the comarca of Bajo Aragón, Spain. He studied music, theology and philosophy at the University of Salamanca, where he was later appointed Professor of Music. He wrote three volumes of pedagogical works for the baroque guitar that form an important part of today's classical guitar repertory and have informed modern scholars in the techniques of baroque guitar playing.
- https://archive.org/search.php?query=Gaspar%20Sanz
Fernando Sor (1778-1839), guitarist og komponist
- https://archive.org/search.php?query=Fernando%20Sor
Andrés Segovia (1893-1987), spansk klassisk guitarist og lutspiller.
Musikeksempler: - https://archive.org/search.php?query=subject%3A%22Andres+Segovia%22
Herunder: Bach Partita No. 3 In E Major, BW 1006: Gavotte En Rondeau
- https://archive.org/details/AndresSegovia
Andrés Segovia Andrés Segovia : Artone 222345 2006
Teater:
Politik
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties
International organisering
Spanien var medlem af Folkeforbundet og er medlem af Antarktis traktatsystemet / Antarctic Treaty System, EU, Europarådet, FN, det internationale energiagentur, det internationale havundersøgelsesråd ICES, NATO, OSCE.
Regering:
Parlament
Forsvar / militær: SIPRI: Militærudgifter / Military expenditure of Spain.
Værnepligt: Nej, men tilladt efter 1978. WRI: Country report and updates: Spain.
Sydeuropa har stadig råd til våben : I flere sydeuropæiske lande modsvares de store nedskæringer på sociale ydelser ikke af tilsvarende besparelser på forsvarsbudgetterne. / Mads Frese. Lagt på information.dk 17. januar 2012 kl. 22:10. Bragt i den trykte udgave 18. januar 2012 på side 8 i 1. sektion.
Efterretningstjenester:
Paramilitære styrker:
Fredsbevægelser: Cooperativa de Cinema Alternatiu: Can Serra: la Objeción de Conciencia en España (1976).
'Sobre las razones de la Objeción de Conciencia contra el servicio militar en España en los 70. El grupo de objetores de conciencia que montaron uno de los primeros servicios civiles autogestionados en el barrio de Can Serra, en L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Barcelona). Las primeras etapas de un movimiento de desobediencia civil que eclosionaría con la insumisión al servicio militar y a su prestación sustitutoria en los años 90, y que terminaria por hacer que se derrumbara esta arraigada (por entonces) institución militar.'
- https://archive.org/details/objetorescanserra
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer / Social movements, including environmental organizations / Los movimientos sociales, incluidas las organizaciones medioambientales
Religion: Katoliisme ; Islam.
Sociale forhold: Nonne anklaget for babytyveri i Spanien Pedersen, Jens Ulrich I: Kristligt Dagblad, 26. marts 2012.
'Hundredvis af mødre har anmeldt, at deres nyfødte blev stjålet på både private klinikker og offentlige hospitaler fra 1950’erne og helt op til 1990’erne'.
FRA Annual report: Fundamental rights: challenges and achievements in 2011:
'In Spain, public attention focused on the ‘stolen children’ who, between the 1940s and 1980s, were given up for adoption at hospitals with neither their mothers’ knowledge nor consent. This allegedly constituted a systematic practice in some hospitals, involving doctors, nurses and nuns. In June 2011, the general public prosecutor said that of the 849 investigations launched, evidence of a crime had been found in 162 cases and in those cases charges had been filed. There are growing indications, however, that the practice may have involved hundreds of children. Complaints by various organisations – such as the National Association of the Victims of Irregular Adoptions (Asociación Nacional de Afectados por Adopciones Irregulares) and SOS Stolen Babies (SOS Bebés Robados) – over state delays in opening registries to enable the search for lost relatives prompted the general public prosecutor to point out that the investigations would take time because they need to be coordinated with all the autonomous communities of Spain as it was believed that various networks had been involved.'
- http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/2211-FRA-2012_Annual-Report-2011_EN.pdf
Stolen Babies in Spain: Human Rights Abuses and Post-transitional Justice. / : Kimberly Josephson. Presented to the Faculty of the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Graduation with Dietrich College Research Honors Carnegie Mellon University, April 30, 2013.
- http://shelf1.library.cmu.edu/HSS/2013/a1491880.pdf
Uddannelse: Miguel de Unamuno.
Universiteter
Økonomi: Den Internationale Bank for Genopbygning og Udvikling, Verdensbanken /
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Country at a Glance, 2011.
- http://go.worldbank.org/YB2ATM3HY0
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug: FAO Country Profiles.
Naturresourcer: Aluminium, kul.
Erhverv, handel og industri: Atomkraftværker.
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter / Weapon Factories, arms trade and -transport: Expal - Maxam, herunder Denex A/S.- http://www.maxam-corp.com/en/expal
Eksport af våben til: Chile, Israel, Trinidad & Tobago.
CARICOM and the Arms Trade Treaty: Toward an effective convention. / : Kenneth Epps. Project Ploughshares. 2012. - 59 s.
Import af våben fra Danmark, Grækenland, under den spanske borgerkrig, Israel, Sverige,.
Morten Heiberg & Mogens Pelt: Los Negocios de la Guerra. Armas nazis para la República española. Crítica. Barcelona, 2005. - 258 s.
Defense, Security and Occupation as a Business : Military, armaments and security trade relations between Spain and Israel. / : Alejandro Pozo (Dir.) et al. Negocis Ocults, 2014.
- http://negocisocults.org/en/security-as-a-business
'The present report is the follow up to a research conducted in 2009 on Spanish military exports to Israel, and the violations of the Spanish and European legislation this action entails. This second report aims at exploring more in depth the rest of the security and defense relations. The establishment of the Israeli military industry in Spain, the provision of training and knowledge transfer by Israel, and the research projects on security manifest the boom in military relations between the two countries, and the process of privatization of public security we are witnessing.'
Justitsministeriets våbenudførselstilladelser i 2009. I: Udenrigsministeriet: Udførsel af våben og produkter med dobbelt anvendelse fra Danmark for 2009. 2010. - 100 s. . 2010. - 100 s.

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