Spanien

Geografi ; natur ; demografi ; historie ; kultur ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi.
Geography; nature; demographics; history, culture, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía.
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Europæisk kongerige med kolonierne Ceuta, Melilla. Grænser til Andorra, Frankrig, Portugal og Gilbratar og med kystlinjer til Atlanterhavet og Middelhavet.
Natur: World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
Demografi: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011. Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Avance del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero de 2009 Datos provisionales, 06/03/2009.
Les violences faites aux femmes pendant leur voyage clandestin: Algérie, France, Espagne, Maroc.
/ Smaïn Laacher. UNHCR. 2010. - 65 s. ; New issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 188.)
Historie: Oldtiden: Helleristninger / petroglyph. Kelterne eller gallerne / Celts, i bronce- og jernalderen. Middelalderen. Vandalerne. Emiratet Granada, 1228-1492. Kongeriget og sømagten Aragon 1137–1716. Kongerriget Majorca 1231-1344. Bartolomé de las Casas. Christopher Columbus.
Elektroniske primærkilder
Kolonier og protektorater
Fiske, John: The Discovery of America: with some account of ancient America and the Spanish conquest , 1900.
http://www.archive.org/details/discoveryofameri005261mbp
Present state of the Spanish colonies; : including a particular report of Hispañola, or the Spanish part of Santo Domingo; with a general survey of the settlements on the south continent of America, as relates to history, trade, population, customs, manners, &c., with a concise statement of the sentiments of the people on their relative situation to the mother country, &c. By William Walton, Jun. secretary to the expedition which captured the city of Santo Domingo from the French; and resident British agent there. (1810).
http://www.archive.org/details/presentstateofsp02walt
Deltagelse i krige
Spanske forældre søger efter deres stjålne børn: Titusindvis af spanske børn blev stjålet og solgt under Franco-diktaturet og helt frem til 1990’erne. I april i år lovede den spanske regering at etablere en dna-bank for de titusindvis af spanske forældre, som stadig leder efter deres børn, men ikke desto mindre føler forældrene, at de står alene med efterforskningen. / : Kathrine Storgaard Carlsen. Lagt på information.dk 3. juni 2012. Bragt i den trykte udgave 4. juni 2012 på side 10 i 1. sektion.
Beevor, Antony: Den spanske borgerkrig 1936-1939. Borgen, 2006.- ISBN: 87-21-02792-7
Spanish Refugee Relief Campaign: Children's cities in Spain. (1939).
- http://www.archive.org/details/ChildrensCitiesInSpain
Spain : the Spanish war in pictures : latest photos of Spain's fight for democracy. (1936).
- http://www.archive.org/details/SpainTheSpanishWarInPicturesLatestPhotosOfSpainsFightFor
Murray, James: An impartial history of the war in America; from its first commencement, to the present time ; together with the charters of the several colonies, and other authentic information ; likewise, the rise, progress, and political springs of the war now carrying on between Great-Britain, and the united powers of France, Spain, Holland, and America ; with a particular account of the several engagements both by sea and land (1782).
- http://www.archive.org/details/impartialhistory_01murr
Den kolde krig
Spanien har modtaget bistand via den amerikanske Mutual Defense Assistance Act / den gensidige forsvarsbistandslov.
Der er amerikanske kernevåben baseret i Spanien. Atomvåbenuheld
Kultur: Kultur: Compendium
- http://www.culturalpolicies.net/web/compendium.php og
- http://www.culturalpolicies.net/web/profiles-download.php?pcid=1010
Francesco José de Goya y Lucientes, Picasso. Fernando Sor (1778-1839).
Biblioteksvæsen. Bogvæsen:
Bibliotheca hispano-americana : a catalogue of Spanish books printed in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, the Antilles, Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Chili, Uruguay, and the Argentine Republic, and of Portuguese books printed in Brazil : followed by a collection of works on the aboriginal languages of America (1870).
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tekst:
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art: Goya y Lucientes, Francesco José de
Salvador Dali, 1904-1989, billedkunstner.
- http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/salvador-dali
- https://archive.org/search.php?query=Salvador%20Dali&page=1
Film:
Musik:
Teater:
Politik
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties
International organisering
Spanien var medlem af Folkeforbundet og er medlem af Antarktis traktatsystemet / Antarctic Treaty System, EU, Europarådet, FN, det internationale energiagentur, det internationale havundersøgelsesråd ICES, NATO, OSCE.
Regering:
Parlament
Forsvar / militær: SIPRI: Militærudgifter / Military expenditure of Spain.
Værnepligt: Nej, men tilladt efter 1978. WRI: Country report and updates: Spain.
Sydeuropa har stadig råd til våben : I flere sydeuropæiske lande modsvares de store nedskæringer på sociale ydelser ikke af tilsvarende besparelser på forsvarsbudgetterne. / Mads Frese. Lagt på information.dk 17. januar 2012 kl. 22:10. Bragt i den trykte udgave 18. januar 2012 på side 8 i 1. sektion.
Efterretningstjenester:
Paramilitære styrker:
Fredsbevægelser:
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer / Social movements, including environmental organizations / Los movimientos sociales, incluidas las organizaciones medioambientales
Religion:
Sociale forhold: Nonne anklaget for babytyveri i Spanien Pedersen, Jens Ulrich I: Kristligt Dagblad, 26. marts 2012.
'Hundredvis af mødre har anmeldt, at deres nyfødte blev stjålet på både private klinikker og offentlige hospitaler fra 1950’erne og helt op til 1990’erne'.
FRA Annual report: Fundamental rights: challenges and achievements in 2011:
'In Spain, public attention focused on the ‘stolen children’ who, between the 1940s and 1980s, were given up for adoption at hospitals with neither their mothers’ knowledge nor consent. This allegedly constituted a systematic practice in some hospitals, involving doctors, nurses and nuns. In June 2011, the general public prosecutor said that of the 849 investigations launched, evidence of a crime had been found in 162 cases and in those cases charges had been filed. There are growing indications, however, that the practice may have involved hundreds of children. Complaints by various organisations – such as the National Association of the Victims of Irregular Adoptions (Asociación Nacional de Afectados por Adopciones Irregulares) and SOS Stolen Babies (SOS Bebés Robados) – over state delays in opening registries to enable the search for lost relatives prompted the general public prosecutor to point out that the investigations would take time because they need to be coordinated with all the autonomous communities of Spain as it was believed that various networks had been involved.'
- http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/2211-FRA-2012_Annual-Report-2011_EN.pdf
Stolen Babies in Spain: Human Rights Abuses and Post-transitional Justice. / : Kimberly Josephson. Presented to the Faculty of the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Graduation with Dietrich College Research Honors Carnegie Mellon University, April 30, 2013.
- http://shelf1.library.cmu.edu/HSS/2013/a1491880.pdf
Uddannelse: Miguel de Unamuno.
Universiteter
Økonomi: Den Internationale Bank for Genopbygning og Udvikling, Verdensbanken /
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Country at a Glance, 2011.
- http://go.worldbank.org/YB2ATM3HY0
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug: FAO Country Profiles.
Naturresourcer: Aluminium, kul.
Erhverv, handel og industri: Atomkraftværker.
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter / Weapon Factories, arms trade and -transport: Expal - Maxam, herunder Denex A/S.- http://www.maxam-corp.com/en/expal
Eksport af våben til: Chile, Trinidad & Tobago.
CARICOM and the Arms Trade Treaty: Toward an effective convention. / : Kenneth Epps. Project Ploughshares. 2012. - 59 s.
Import af våben fra Danmark, Grækenland, , under den spanske borgerkrig, Sverige,.
Morten Heiberg & Mogens Pelt: Los Negocios de la Guerra. Armas nazis para la República española. Crítica. Barcelona, 2005. - 258 s.
Justitsministeriets våbenudførselstilladelser i 2009. I: Udenrigsministeriet: Udførsel af våben og produkter med dobbelt anvendelse fra Danmark for 2009. 2010. - 100 s. . 2010. - 100 s.

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