Spanien / Spain

Geografi ; natur og klima ; demografi ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; musik ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography; nature; demographics; history, wars, culture, music, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía.
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Europæisk kongerige med kolonierne Ceuta, Melilla. Grænser til Andorra, Frankrig, Portugal og Gilbratar og med kystlinjer til Atlanterhavet og Middelhavet.
Spaniens autonome regioner (selvstyreområder) / comunidades autónomas:
La organización territorial. El Estado de las Autonomías.
- http://recursostic.educacion.es/secundaria/edad/3esohistoria/para_pdf/quincena12.pdf
Demografi: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development / The World Bank: Migration and Remittances Factbook 2011. Instituto Nacional de Estadística: Avance del Padrón municipal a 1 de enero de 2009 Datos provisionales, 06/03/2009.
Les violences faites aux femmes pendant leur voyage clandestin: Algérie, France, Espagne, Maroc.
/ Smaïn Laacher. UNHCR. 2010. - 65 s. ; New issues in Refugee Research, Research Paper No. 188.)
Historie: Palæontologi. Oldtiden: Astronomi kulturarv og arkæoastronomi. Helleristninger / petroglyph. Romerriget. Kelterne eller gallerne / Celts, i bronce- og jernalderen. Det galliske imperium (Imperium Galliarum), 260-274. Middelalderen. Katakomber. Vandalerne. Emiratet Granada, 1228-1492. Kongeriget og sømagten Aragon 1137–1716. Kongerriget Majorca 1231-1344. Bartolomé de las Casas. Christopher Columbus.
Elektroniske primærkilder
Kolonier og protektorater
Fiske, John: The Discovery of America: with some account of ancient America and the Spanish conquest , 1900.
- http://www.archive.org/details/discoveryofameri005261mbp
Present state of the Spanish colonies; : including a particular report of Hispañola, or the Spanish part of Santo Domingo; with a general survey of the settlements on the south continent of America, as relates to history, trade, population, customs, manners, &c., with a concise statement of the sentiments of the people on their relative situation to the mother country, &c. . / : Jun William Walton, . secretary to the expedition which captured the city of Santo Domingo from the French; and resident British agent there. (1810).
- http://www.archive.org/details/presentstateofsp02walt
Den kolde krig
Spanien har modtaget bistand via den amerikanske Mutual Defense Assistance Act / den gensidige forsvarsbistandslov.
Der er amerikanske kernevåben baseret i Spanien. Atomvåbenuheld
Kultur: Kultur: Compendium
- http://www.culturalpolicies.net/web/compendium.php og
- http://www.culturalpolicies.net/web/profiles-download.php?pcid=1010
Francesco José de Goya y Lucientes, Picasso. Fernando Sor (1778-1839).
Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture. / : Eamonn Rodgers.Routledge, 2002.
Massemedier og pressefrihed:
Tekst:
Radio:
TV
Biblioteksvæsen. Bogvæsen:
Short-title catalogue of books printed in Spain and of Spanish books printed elsewhere in Europe before 1601 now in the British museum (1921).
- https://archive.org/details/shorttitlecatalo00brituoft
Bibliotheca hispano-americana : a catalogue of Spanish books printed in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, the Antilles, Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, Peru, Chili, Uruguay, and the Argentine Republic, and of Portuguese books printed in Brazil : followed by a collection of works on the aboriginal languages of America (1870).
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tekst:
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art: Goya y Lucientes, Francesco José de
Pablo Ruiz Picasso 1881-1973.
- https://archive.org/search.php?query=Pablo%20Picasso
Hommage à Pablo Picasso : [peintures, Grand Palais; dessins, sculptures, céramiques, Petit Palais ; Ministère d'État Affaires Culturelles, Ville de Paris, Paris, novembre 1966-février 1967 ; introduction par Jean Leymarie], 1966.
Omfattende dokumentation af Picassos kunstneriske produktion.
Salvador Dali, 1904-1989, billedkunstner.
- http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/salvador-dali
- https://archive.org/search.php?query=Salvador%20Dali&page=1
Film: Filmoteca Española (Madrid)
- www.mcu.es
Filmoteca Valenciana.CulturArts-IVAC (Valencia) 1998 ff
- www.ivac.gva.es
Teater:
Politik: Demokratisk parlamentarisme
Regeringer:
Lovgivende forsamling, parlament:
Valg:
Tekst:
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties / Partidos políticos de España
Anexo:Partidos inscritos en el Registro de Partidos Políticos del Ministerio del Interior de España
Se muestran a continuación los 4.191 partidos políticos inscritos en en el Registro de Partidos Políticos del Ministerio del Interior de España.
- http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anexo:Partidos_inscritos_en_el_Registro_de_Partidos_Pol%C3%ADticos_del_Ministerio_del_Interior_de_Espa%C3%B1a
Partidos políticos desaparecidos de España /ophørte politiske partier
- http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Categor%C3%ADa:Partidos_pol%C3%ADticos_desaparecidos_de_Espa%C3%B1a
Partiet, der slår spræker i spansk politik. / : Johannes Haau Nørgaard. I: Information, 4. august 2015.
International organisering
Spanien var medlem af Folkeforbundet og er medlem af Antarktis traktatsystemet / Antarctic Treaty System, EU, Europarådet, FN, det internationale energiagentur, det internationale havundersøgelsesråd ICES, NATO, OSCE.
Forsvar / militær: SIPRI: Militærudgifter / Military expenditure of Spain.
Værnepligt: Nej, men tilladt efter 1978. WRI: Country report and updates: Spain.
Sydeuropa har stadig råd til våben : I flere sydeuropæiske lande modsvares de store nedskæringer på sociale ydelser ikke af tilsvarende besparelser på forsvarsbudgetterne. / Mads Frese. Lagt på information.dk 17. januar 2012 kl. 22:10. Bragt i den trykte udgave 18. januar 2012 på side 8 i 1. sektion.
Spain Approves Permanent US Base For Africa Force
Agence France-Presse May 29, 2015
MADRID — The Spanish government said on Friday it had approved an agreement to host a permanent force of 2,200 US Marines for deployment on missions to Africa.
Efterretningstjenester:
Paramilitære styrker:
Fredsbevægelser: Cooperativa de Cinema Alternatiu: Can Serra: la Objeción de Conciencia en España (1976).
'Sobre las razones de la Objeción de Conciencia contra el servicio militar en España en los 70. El grupo de objetores de conciencia que montaron uno de los primeros servicios civiles autogestionados en el barrio de Can Serra, en L'Hospitalet de Llobregat (Barcelona). Las primeras etapas de un movimiento de desobediencia civil que eclosionaría con la insumisión al servicio militar y a su prestación sustitutoria en los años 90, y que terminaria por hacer que se derrumbara esta arraigada (por entonces) institución militar.'
- https://archive.org/details/objetorescanserra
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer / Social movements, including environmental organizations / Los movimientos sociales, incluidas las organizaciones medioambientales
Religion: Katoliisme ; Islam.
Sociale forhold: Nonne anklaget for babytyveri i Spanien Pedersen, Jens Ulrich I: Kristligt Dagblad, 26. marts 2012.
'Hundredvis af mødre har anmeldt, at deres nyfødte blev stjålet på både private klinikker og offentlige hospitaler fra 1950’erne og helt op til 1990’erne'.
FRA Annual report: Fundamental rights: challenges and achievements in 2011:
'In Spain, public attention focused on the ‘stolen children’ who, between the 1940s and 1980s, were given up for adoption at hospitals with neither their mothers’ knowledge nor consent. This allegedly constituted a systematic practice in some hospitals, involving doctors, nurses and nuns. In June 2011, the general public prosecutor said that of the 849 investigations launched, evidence of a crime had been found in 162 cases and in those cases charges had been filed. There are growing indications, however, that the practice may have involved hundreds of children. Complaints by various organisations – such as the National Association of the Victims of Irregular Adoptions (Asociación Nacional de Afectados por Adopciones Irregulares) and SOS Stolen Babies (SOS Bebés Robados) – over state delays in opening registries to enable the search for lost relatives prompted the general public prosecutor to point out that the investigations would take time because they need to be coordinated with all the autonomous communities of Spain as it was believed that various networks had been involved.'
- http://fra.europa.eu/sites/default/files/fra_uploads/2211-FRA-2012_Annual-Report-2011_EN.pdf
Stolen Babies in Spain: Human Rights Abuses and Post-transitional Justice. / : Kimberly Josephson. Presented to the Faculty of the Dietrich College of Humanities and Social Sciences in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for Graduation with Dietrich College Research Honors Carnegie Mellon University, April 30, 2013.
- http://shelf1.library.cmu.edu/HSS/2013/a1491880.pdf
Uddannelse: Miguel de Unamuno.
Universiteter
Økonomi: Den Internationale Bank for Genopbygning og Udvikling, Verdensbanken /
International Bank for Reconstruction and Development: Country at a Glance, 2011.
- http://go.worldbank.org/YB2ATM3HY0
BNP - FN data, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug: FAO Country Profiles.
Naturresourcer: Aluminium, kul.
Erhverv, handel og industri: Atomkraftværker.
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter / Weapon Factories, arms trade and -transport: Expal - Maxam, herunder Denex A/S.- http://www.maxam-corp.com/en/expal
Eksport af våben til: Chile, Israel, Trinidad & Tobago.
CARICOM and the Arms Trade Treaty: Toward an effective convention. / : Kenneth Epps. Project Ploughshares. 2012. - 59 s.
Import af våben fra Danmark, Grækenland, under den spanske borgerkrig, Israel, Sverige,.
Morten Heiberg & Mogens Pelt: Los Negocios de la Guerra. Armas nazis para la República española. Crítica. Barcelona, 2005. - 258 s.
Defense, Security and Occupation as a Business : Military, armaments and security trade relations between Spain and Israel. / : Alejandro Pozo (Dir.) et al. Negocis Ocults, 2014.
- http://negocisocults.org/en/security-as-a-business
'The present report is the follow up to a research conducted in 2009 on Spanish military exports to Israel, and the violations of the Spanish and European legislation this action entails. This second report aims at exploring more in depth the rest of the security and defense relations. The establishment of the Israeli military industry in Spain, the provision of training and knowledge transfer by Israel, and the research projects on security manifest the boom in military relations between the two countries, and the process of privatization of public security we are witnessing.'
Justitsministeriets våbenudførselstilladelser i 2009. I: Udenrigsministeriet: Udførsel af våben og produkter med dobbelt anvendelse fra Danmark for 2009. 2010. - 100 s. . 2010. - 100 s.

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