Geografi ; demografi ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; kunst ; film ; musik ; politik ; politiske partier ; forsvar ; kernevåben ; atomvåbenforsøg ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars; Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense; Nuclear weapons; Nuclear weapons tests; Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education , Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie; Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis politiques ; La défense; Armes nucléaires ; Tests d'armes nucléaires; Services de renseignement ; Mouvements de paix; Religion; Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce des armes

Kinesisk natur

Natur, klima. Biodiversitet. Fauna og flora: Fisk. Fugle. Koralrev. Vådområder.
Nature, climate. Flora and fauna: Botanical gardens. Fish. Birds. Coral reefs. Wetlands
Flore et faune: Poissons. Oiseaux. Les récifs coralliens. Les zones humides.
Flora y fauna: Fish. Pájaros. Los arrecifes de coral. Los humedales.
Natur, Klima. Flora und Fauna: Botanische Gärten. Fisch. Vögeln. Korallenriffe. Feuchtgebiet, Feuchtbiotop.
Kina har stor biologisk mangfoldighed / mega-diversity.
China is one of the countries with the richest biodiversity in the world. According to statistics, China has more than 35,000 species of higher plants, ranking third in the world after Brazil and Colombia. Among them, there are 2,200 species of bryophytes, accounting for 9.1% of the world’s total; about 2,600 species of ferns, some 22% of the world’s total; more than 250 species of gymnosperms, ranking top in the world and over 30,000 species of angiosperms, accounting for 10% of the world’s total. China also has abundant animal species. It is estimated that China’s invertebrate species account for about 10% of the world’s total. There are 6,347 species of vertebrates in China, constituting 14% of the world’s total. Among them, there are 1,244 species of birds, ranking top in the world; 3,862 species of fishes, which accounts for 20.3% of the world’s total. China is not only rich in species but also has a high level of endemism. There are about 17,300 species of endemic higher plants, which accounts for over 57% of China’s total higher plant species, and 667 species of endemic vertebrates, equal to 10% of China’s total vertebrate species.
Ecosystem Profile: Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot 2011 Update. / : Andrew W. Tordoff et al. Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund, 2012.
This document represents the ecosystem profile for the Indo-Burma Hotspot, which comprises all non-marine parts of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand and Vietnam, plus parts of southern China. With its high levels of plant and animal endemism, and limited remaining natural habitat, Indo-Burma ranks among the top 10 biodiversity hotspots for irreplaceability and the top five for threat. Indo-Burma holds more people than any other hotspot, and its remaining natural ecosystems, already greatly reduced in extent, are subject to intense and growing pressure from habitat loss, degradation and fragmentation, and over-exploitation of natural resources.
BirdLife International (2009) Directory of Important BirdAreas in China (Mainland): Key Sites for Conservation.
Cambridge, UK: BirdLife International (English language edition).
- http://www.chinabirdnet.org/document/iba_inventory/eng_version/16%20Hebei%20Province.pdf
China’s Fourth National Report on Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity. / : Ministry of Environmental Protection November 2008.
- https://www.cbd.int/doc/world/cn/cn-nr-04-en.pdf
Plant biodiversity in China: richly varied, endangered, and in need of conservation. / : JordiLlo' Pez-Pujol et al. Biodiversity and Conservation (2006) 15:3983–4026 - http://evolution.ibcas.ac.cn/PDF/Lopez-Pujol%20et%20al-2006.pdf
Biodiversity in China’s mountains. / : ZY Tang et al. The Ecological Society of America.
- http://www.esajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1890/1540-9295(2006)004%5B0347%3ABICM%5D2.0.CO %3B2
Biodiversity Hotspot: China’s Hengduan Mountains. / : David E. Boufford. Arnoldia 72/1, July 2014.
- http://www.arboretum.harvard.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014-72-1-biodiversity-hotspot-china-s- hengduan-mountains.pdf
Bambusskove.
Naturhistorie: Flora Hongkongensis; a description of the flowering plants and ferns of the island of Hongkong. / : George Bentham, 1861.
- https://archive.org/details/florahongkongens00bentuoft
Vådområder:
International Network of Basin Organizations / Det internationale netværk af flodbassin organisationer.
- http://www.inbo-news.org/spip.php?sommaire⟨=en
- http://www.inbo-news.org/spip.php?page=mot-pays&id_mot=124⟨=en
Floder: Den gule flod Huang He, Den lange flod Yangtze og Xi.
Amur-Heilong floden eller Sorte Drage Floden.
Simonov, E. A. and T. D. Dahmer, editors. 2008. Amur-Heilong River Basin Reader. Ecosystems Ltd., Hong Kong.
- Assets.panda.org/downloads/ahrbr.pdf
'The Amur-Heilong is the largest river in northeast Asia. It flows through Mongolia, China, and Russia from its origin at two sources.
The northern source is the Shilka River in Russia and its tributary the Onon River that drains the Henti (Khenty) Mountains in Mongolia. The southern source is the Argun River, which drains the western slope of the Great Hinggan (Da Xing'anling) mountains in China. The Amur-Heilong River is one of the world's largest freeflowing rivers and, at approximately 4,444 kilometers in length, is the ninth longest river in the world. At approximately two million square kilometers, it also has the eleventh largest watershed. The Amur- Heilong flows in a northeasterly direction to its estuary in the Tatar Strait of the Sea of Okhotsk. The largest tributaries of the Amur-Heilong River are: Zeya (Russia), Bureya (Russia), Amgun (Russia), Songhua (China), and Ussuri/Wusuli (China, Russia). The river forms the border between China and Russia for over 3,000 km, making it one of the world's longest border rivers. The Upper Amur-Heilong Basin includes the Mongolian headwaters and Argun/Erguna River basin, the main stream of which flows for more than 900 kilometers and forms the China-Russia border.'
Mekongfloden
Mekongfloden har udspring i Tibet. Den løber gennem Cambodia, Kina, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand og Vietnam.
UN atlas of the Greater Mekong Subregion.
Mekong River Commission
- http://www.mrcmekong.org/
GIWA Regional assessment 55 Mekong River.
- http://www.unep.org/dewa/giwa/areas/reports/r55/regional_definition_giwa_r55.pdf
Planning Atlas of the Lower Mekong River Basin: Cambodia, Lao PDR, Thailand, Viet Nam. / : Mekong River Commission, 2011.
State of the Basin Report 2010. / : Mekong River Commission.
- http://www.mrcmekong.org/
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas.
Peace Palace Library: Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law. .
Klima:
Kina er medlem af / is a member of the World Meteorological Organization
- https://www.wmo.int/pages/index_en.html
Geologi og jordbundsforhold: Bjerge, vulkaner, jordskælv og ørkenområder:
Geology: Mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and desert areas
Géologie: Montagnes, volcans, tremblements de terre et les zones désertiques
Geología: Montañas, volcanes, terremotos y zonas desérticas
Geologie: Berge, Vulkane, Erdbeben und Wüstengebiete
Jordbundsforhold: Atlas of Chinese soil.
Paul Williams (2008). World Heritage Caves and Karst. A global review of karst World Heritage properties: present situation, future prospects and management requirements.
Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 57pp
- https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/documents/2008-037.pdf
Bjerge. Himalayabjergkæden.
Ørkenområder: Gobiørkenen.
World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
UNEP-WCMC (2008). National and Regional Networks of Marine Protected Areas: A Review of Progress. Cambridge.
- http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/publications/otherpubs/pdfs/MPA_Network_report.pdf
Lake Khanka International Nature Reserve
- http://neaspec.org/sites/default/files/SE2_Khanka_Xingkai_Lake_Nature_Reserve.pdf
Three Parallel Rivers of Yunnan Protected Areas.
- http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1083.pdf
'Consisting of eight geographical clusters of protected areas within the boundaries of the Three Parallel Rivers National Park, in the mountainous north-west of Yunnan Province, the 1.7 million hectare site features sections of the upper reaches of three of the great rivers of Asia: the Yangtze (Jinsha), Mekong and Salween run roughly parallel, north to south, through steep gorges which, in places, are 3,000 m deep and are bordered by glaciated peaks more than 6,000 m high. The site is an epicentre of Chinese biodiversity. It is also one of the richest temperate regions of the world in terms of biodiversity.'
Farrington, J.D. 2005. A Report on Protected Areas, Biodiversity, and Conservation in the Kyrgyzstan Tian Shan with Brief Notes on the Kyrgyzstan Pamir-Alai and the Tian Shan Mountains of Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and China. Bishkek: United States Fulbright Program, Environmental Studies Section.
- https://archive.org/details/AReportOnProtectedAreasBiodiversityAndConservationInTheKyrgyzstan
'A 2005 report on Protected Areas, Biodiversity, and Conservation in the Tian Shan mountains of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Xinjiang China. In addition to protected area descriptions, appendicies include bird, mammal, fish, reptile, amphibian, and plant species lists as well as separate essays on Kyrgyz semi-nomadic herding practices and the Aral Sea.'
Hong Kong botanic garden.
Tekst:
Se også: Asiatisk natur.
Se tillige: Afghansk natur ; Albansk natur ; Algerisk natur ; Andorras natur ; Amerikansk natur ; Angolas natur ; Antigua & Barbudas natur ; Argentinsk natur ; Armensk natur ; Aserbajdsjans natur ; Australsk natur ; Bahamas natur ; Bahrains natur ; Bangladesh natur ; Barbados natur ; Belgisk natur ; Belizesk natur ; Benins natur ; Bhutans natur ; Boliviansk natur ; Bosnien-Hercegovinas natur ; Botswanas natur ; Brasiliens natur ; Brunei Darussalams natur ; Bulgarsk natur ; Burkina Fasos natur ; Burundis natur ; Canadisk natur ; Cambodjansk natur ; Camerouns natur ; Centralafrikansk natur ; Chilensk natur ; Colombiansk natur ; Comorernes natur ; Congolesisk natur ; Costa Ricas natur ; Cubansk natur ; Cypriotisk natur ; Dansk natur ; Djiboutisk natur ; Dominicansk natur ; Dominicas natur ; Ecuadoriansk natur ; Engelsk natur ; Egyptisk natur ; El Salvadoransk natur ; Elfenbenskystens natur ; Eritreas natur ; Estlands natur ; Etiopisk natur ; Fijis natur ; Filippinsk natur ; Finsk natur ; De forenede arabiske Emiraters natur ; Fransk natur ; Færøsk natur ; Gabons natur ; Gambiansk natur ; Georgiansk natur ; Ghanas natur ; Grenadas natur ; Græsk natur ; Grønlandsk natur ; Guatemalas natur ; Guineas natur ; Guinea-Bissaus natur ; Guyansk natur ; Haitiansk natur ; Hollansk natur ; Honduras natur ; Hvideruslands natur ; Indisk natur ; Indonesisk natur ; Irakisk natur ; Iransk natur ; Islandsk natur ; Irsk natur ; Israelsk natur ; Italiensk natur ; Jamaicas natur ; Japansk natur ; Jordans natur ; Kap Verdisk natur ; Kasakhstanisk natur ; Kenyansk natur ; Kirgisistans natur ; Kiribatis natur ; Kosovos natur ; Kroatiens natur ; Kuwais natur ; Laotisk natur ; Lesothisk natur ; Letlands natur ; Libanesisk natur ; Liberiansk natur ; Libysk natur ; Liechtensteins natur ; Litauens natur ; Luxembourgs natur ; Madagascars natur ; Makedonsk natur ; Malawis natur ; Malaysias natur ; Maldiviensk natur ; Malis natur ; Maltesisk natur ; Marokkansk natur ; Marshalløernes natur ; Mauretaniens natur ; Mauritius natur ; Mexicansk natur ; Mikronesisk natur ; Moldovisk natur ; Monacos natur ; Mongoliets natur ; Montenegros natur ; Mozambiques natur ; Myanmars natur ; Namibias natur ; Naurus natur ; Nepals natur ; New Zealandsk natur ; Nicaraguansk natur ; Nigers natur ; Nigerias natur ; Norsk natur ; Nordkoreansk natur ; Omans natur ; Pakistansk natur ; Palaus natur ; Palæstinas natur ; Panamas natur ; Papua Ny Guineansk natur ; Paraguays natur ; Peruviansk natur ; Polsk natur ; Portugisisk natur ; Qatars natur ; Rumænsk natur ; Russisk natur ; Rwandas natur ; Salomonøernes natur ; Samoas natur ; San Marinos natur ; São Tomé & Principles natur ; Saudi-Arabisk natur ; Schweizisk natur ; Senegals natur ; Serbisk natur ; Seychellernes natur ; Sierra Leones natur ; Singapores natur ; Skotsk natur ; Slovakiets natur ; Sloveniens natur ; Somalisk natur ; Spansk natur ; Sri Lankas natur ; St. Kitts & Nevis natur ; St. Lucias natur ; St. Vincent og Grenadinernes natur ; Sudanesisk natur ; Surinams natur ; Svensk natur ; Swazilands natur ; Sydafrikansk natur ; Sydkoreansk natur ; Syrisk natur ; Tadsjikistans natur ; Taiwanesisk natur ; Tanzanias natur ; Tchads natur ; Thailandsk natur ; Tjekkisk natur ; Togos natur ; Tongas natur ; Trinidad & Tobagos natur ; Tunesisk natur ; Turkmenistans natur ; Tuvalus natur ; Tyrksk natur ; Tysk natur ; Ugandas natur ; Ukrainsk natur ; Ungarnsk natur ; Uruguays natur ; Usbekistans natur ; Vanuatus natur ; Venezuelas natur ; Vietnamesisk natur ; Yemens natur ; Zambias natur ; Zimbabwes natur ; Ækvatorial Guineas natur ; Østrisk natur ; Østtimors natur.

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