Geografi ; demografi ; historie ; krige ; kultur ; kunst ; film ; musik ; politik ; politiske partier ; forsvar ; kernevåben ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars; Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense; Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education , Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie; Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis politiques ; La défense; Mouvements de paix; Religion; Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce des armes

Rusland, Russisk natur

Natur, klima. Biodiversitet. Fauna og flora: Botaniske haver ; Fisk. Fugle. Koralrev. Vådområder.
Nature, climate. Flora and fauna: Botanical gardens. Fish. Birds. Coral reefs. Wetlands
Flore et faune: Poissons. Oiseaux. Les récifs coralliens. Les zones humides.
Flora y fauna: Fish. Pájaros. Los arrecifes de coral. Los humedales.
Natur, Klima. Flora und Fauna: Botanische Gärten. Fisch. Vögeln. Korallenriffe. Feuchtgebiet, Feuchtbiotop.
Nature in Northern Europe: Biodiversity in a changing environment. / : Eeva-Liisa Hallanaro ; Marja Pylvanainen. - Copenhagen : Nordic Council of Ministers, 2001.
Atlas of marine and coastal biological diversity of the Russian Arctic. / : Edited by V.A. Spiridonov et al. - Moscow: WWF Russia, 2011.
- http://www.wwf.ru/resources/publ/book/eng/500
Vådområder:
International Network of Basin Organizations / Det internationale netværk af flodbassin organisationer.
- http://www.inbo-news.org/spip.php?sommaire⟨=en:
Floder: Don, Volgafloden og Volga deltaet.
The Volga River Basin Report. / : Valentin Golosov and Vladimir Belyaev. UNESCO International Sediment Initiative. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography. - http://www.irtces.org/isi/isi_document/2010/ISI_Case_Study_Volga.pdf
Amur-Heilong floden eller Sorte Drage Floden.
Simonov, E. A. and T. D. Dahmer, editors. 2008. Amur-Heilong River Basin Reader. Ecosystems Ltd., Hong Kong.
- Assets.panda.org/downloads/ahrbr.pdf
'The Amur-Heilong is the largest river in northeast Asia. It flows through Mongolia, China, and Russia from its origin at two sources.
The northern source is the Shilka River in Russia and its tributary the Onon River that drains the Henti (Khenty) Mountains in Mongolia. The southern source is the Argun River, which drains the western slope of the Great Hinggan (Da Xing'anling) mountains in China. The Amur-Heilong River is one of the world's largest freeflowing rivers and, at approximately 4,444 kilometers in length, is the ninth longest river in the world. At approximately two million square kilometers, it also has the eleventh largest watershed. The Amur- Heilong flows in a northeasterly direction to its estuary in the Tatar Strait of the Sea of Okhotsk. The largest tributaries of the Amur-Heilong River are: Zeya (Russia), Bureya (Russia), Amgun (Russia), Songhua (China), and Ussuri/Wusuli (China, Russia). The river forms the border between China and Russia for over 3,000 km, making it one of the world's longest border rivers. The Upper Amur-Heilong Basin includes the Mongolian headwaters and Argun/Erguna River basin, the main stream of which flows for more than 900 kilometers and forms the China-Russia border.'
Søer: Det kaspiske hav.
European Environment Agency: Europe's biodiversity - biogeographical regions and seas Seas around Europe. The Caspian Sea - enclosed and with many endemic species. / : Vladimir Mamaev.
UNESCO: Lake Baikal - http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/754
'Situated in south-east Siberia, the 3.15-million-ha Lake Baikal is the oldest 25 million years and deepest 1,700 m lake in the world. It contains 20% of the world's total unfrozen freshwater reserve. Known as the 'Galapagos of Russia', its age and isolation have produced one of the world's richest and most unusual freshwater faunas, which is of exceptional value to evolutionary science.'
A new bathymetric map of Lake Baikal. MORPHOMETRIC DATA. INTAS Project 99-1669.Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Consolidated Research Group on Marine Geosciences CRG-MG, University of Barcelona, Spain; Limnological Institute of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Irkutsk, Russian Federation; State Science Research Navigation-Hydrographic Institute of the Ministry of Defense, St.Petersburg, Russian Federation". Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
- http://users.ugent.be/~mdbatist/intas/morphometry.htm
Peace Palace Library: Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law. .
Klima:
Klima i international lov / Climate in international law: Russian Federation: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: Submitted National Communication.
- http://unfccc.int/national_reports/annex_i_natcom/submitted_natcom/items/7742.php
Luchin, V., A. Kruts, O. Sokolov, V. Rostov, N. Rudykh, T. Perunova, E. Zolotukhin, V. Pischalnik, L. Romeiko, V. Hramushin, V. Shustin, Y. Udens, O. Baranova, I. Smolyar, E. Yarosh. 2009. Climatic Atlas of the North Pacific Seas 2009: Bering Sea, Sea of Okhotsk, and Sea of Japan. V. Akulichev, Yu. Volkov, V. Sapozhnikov, S. Levitus, Eds., NOAA Atlas NESDIS 67, U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., 329 pp., DVD Disc.
- ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/pub/data.nodc/woa/PACIFIC09/DOC/english.pdf
Naturhistorie: Palaeoentomology in Russia
- http://palaeoentomolog.ru/english.html
Heer, Oswald: Flora fossilis Arctica = Die fossile Flora der Polarländer I-IV (1868).
- http://archive.org/details/florafossilisarc01heer
'Bd. I. Die in Nordgrönland, auf der Melville-Insel, im Banksland, am Mackenzie, in Island und in Spitzbergen entdeckten fossilen pflanzen; mit einem anhang über versteinerte hölzer der arctischen zone, von dr. C. Cramer -- Bd. II. Fossile flora der Bären-insel (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. IX, no. 5) Flora fossilis alaskana (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 8, no. 4) Die miocene flora und fauna Spitzbergens (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 8, no. 7) Contributions to the fossil flora of north-Greenland (Phil. trans. Royal society. V. CLIX) -- Bd. III. Beiträge zur steinkohlen-flora der arctischen zone (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 12, no. 3) Die kreideflora der arctischen zone (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 12, no. 6) Nachträge zur miocenen flora Grönlands (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 13, no. 2) Uebersicht der miocenen flora der arctischen zone -- Bd. IV. Beiträge zur fossilen flora Spitzbergens, mit einem anhang: Uebersicht der geologie des Eisfiordes und des Bellsundes von A.E. Nordenskiöld (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 14, no. 5) Beiträge zur Jura-flora Ostsibiriens und des Amurlandes (Mémoires de l'Académie impériale des sciences de St. Pétersbourg, VII. sér., t. 22, no. 12) Ueber die pflanzenversteinerungen von Andö in Norwegen -- Bd. V. Die miocene flora des Grinnell-Landes. Beiträge zur fossilen flora Sibiriens und des Amurlandes (Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, VII. sér., t. 25, no. 6) Primitiæ floræ fossilis sachalinensis; Miocene flora der insel Sachalin (Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, VII. sér., t. 25, no. 7) Beiträge zur miocenen flora von Sachalin (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 15, no. 4) Fossile pflanzen von Novaja Semlja (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 15, no. 3) -- Bd. VI. 1. abth. Nachträge zur Jura-flora Sibiriens (Mémoires de l'Académie des sciences de St.-Pétersbourg, VII. sér., t. 27, no. 10) Nachträge zur fossilen flora Grönlands (K. Svenska vetenskaps-akademiens handlingar, bd. 18, no. 2) Beiträge zur miocenen flora von Nord-Canada. Untersuchung über fossile hölzer aus der arctischen zone, von Carl Schroeter -- Bd. VI., Abt. 2-Bd. VII. Flora fossilis grönlandica'.
Russian marine expeditionary investigations of the world ocean. / : Edited by: R. Tatusko, S. Levitus.
World Data Center for Oceanography, Silver Spring.
; International Ocean Atlas and Information Series, Volume 5, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 56) 2002.
- ftp://ftp.nodc.noaa.gov/pub/data.nodc/woa/PUBLICATIONS/atlas56.pdf
The history of Russian oceanographic expeditionary research is very rich and full of numerous global-scale discoveries of great scientific importance. However, it is a very difficult task to introduce a comprehensive review of multidisciplinary marine investigations, which date back over 300 years. This publication is an endeavor to present the most important results of sea voyages and ocean expeditions performed by Russian seamen from the late 17th century up to the present. It is intended to familiarize the international oceanographic scientific communities as well as anyone interested in historical Russian marine exploration and the current state of expeditionary research. In particular, this monograph may be particularly useful for students and officers in navigation schools as more general information about Russia’s marine expeditionary research is presented. This monograph presents information on the most famous expeditions and the results from these investigations, the national and international projects (programs) involving Russia, and the organizations contributing to research of the world oceans
Geologi og jordbundsforhold: Bjerge, vulkaner, jordskælv og ørkenområder:
Geology: Mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and desert areas
Géologie: Montagnes, volcans, tremblements de terre et les zones désertiques
Geología: Montañas, volcanes, terremotos y zonas desérticas
Geologie: Berge, Vulkane, Erdbeben und Wüstengebiete
Kaukasusbjergene / Caucasus Mountains
Geology of the Caucasus: A Review. / : Shota Adamia et al.
Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences (Turkish J. Earth Sci.) Vol. 20, 2011, pp. 489–544.
- http://journals.tubitak.gov.tr/earth/issues/yer-11-20-5/yer-20-5-1-1005-11.pdf
Caucasus Ecoregion Conservation Plan:
WWF: An ecoregional conservation plan for the Caucasus, 2006.
- http://www.wwf.de/fileadmin/fm-wwf/Publikationen- PDF/Kaukasus_OEkoregionaler__Naturschutzplan__May06.pdf
The Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund: Ecosystem Profile Caucasus biodiversity hotspot, 2004.
- http://www.cepf.net/Documents/final.caucasus.ep.pdf
'The Caucasus hotspot, historically interpreted as the isthmus / landtangen between the Black and Caspian seas, covers a total area of 580,000 km2, including the nations of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, the North Caucasus portion of the Russian Federation, northeastern Turkey and part of northwestern Iran.'
Paul Williams (2008). World Heritage Caves and Karst. A global review of karst World Heritage properties: present situation, future prospects and management requirements. Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 57pp
- https://portals.iucn.org/library/efiles/documents/2008-037.pdf
World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
Assessment of Cultural Heritage Monuments and Sites in the Arctic. / : Arctic Council's Sustainable Development Working Group, 2013.
- https://oaarchive.arctic-council.org/handle/11374/50
Tekst:
Se også: Asiatisk natur ; Europæisk natur.
Se tillige: Afghansk natur ; Albansk natur ; Algerisk natur ; Andorras natur ; Amerikansk natur ; Angolas natur ; Antigua & Barbudas natur ; Argentinsk natur ; Armensk natur ; Aserbajdsjans natur ; Australsk natur ; Bahamas natur ; Bahrains natur ; Bangladesh natur ; Barbados natur ; Belgisk natur ; Belizesk natur ; Benins natur ; Bhutans natur ; Boliviansk natur ; Bosnien-Hercegovinas natur ; Botswanas natur ; Brasiliens natur ; Brunei Darussalams natur ; Bulgarsk natur ; Burkina Fasos natur ; Burundis natur ; Canadisk natur ; Cambodjansk natur ; Camerouns natur ; Centralafrikansk natur ; Chilensk natur ; Colombiansk natur ; Comorernes natur ; Congolesisk natur ; Costa Ricas natur ; Cubansk natur ; Cypriotisk natur ; Dansk natur ; Djiboutisk natur ; Dominicansk natur ; Dominicas natur ; Ecuadoriansk natur ; Engelsk natur ; Egyptisk natur ; El Salvadoransk natur ; Elfenbenskystens natur ; Eritreas natur ; Estlands natur ; Etiopisk natur ; Fijis natur ; Filippinsk natur ; Finsk natur ; De forenede arabiske Emiraters natur ; Fransk natur ; Færøsk natur ; Gabons natur ; Gambiansk natur ; Georgiansk natur ; Ghanas natur ; Grenadas natur ; Græsk natur ; Grønlandsk natur ; Guatemalas natur ; Guineas natur ; Guinea-Bissaus natur ; Guyansk natur ; Haitiansk natur ; Hollansk natur ; Honduras natur ; Hvideruslands natur ; Indisk natur ; Indonesisk natur ; Irakisk natur ; Iransk natur ; Islandsk natur ; Irsk natur ; Israelsk natur ; Italiensk natur ; Jamaicas natur ; Japansk natur ; Jordans natur ; Kap Verdisk natur ; Kasakhstanisk natur ; Kenyansk natur ; Kinesisk natur ; Kirgisistans natur ; Kiribatis natur ; Kosovos natur ; Kroatiens natur ; Kuwais natur ; Laotisk natur ; Lesothisk natur ; Letlands natur ; Libanesisk natur ; Liberiansk natur ; Libysk natur ; Liechtensteins natur ; Litauens natur ; Luxembourgs natur ; Madagascars natur ; Makedonsk natur ; Malawis natur ; Malaysias natur ; Maldiviensk natur ; Malis natur ; Maltesisk natur ; Marokkansk natur ; Marshalløernes natur ; Mauretaniens natur ; Mauritius natur ; Mexicansk natur ; Mikronesisk natur ; Moldovisk natur ; Monacos natur ; Mongoliets natur ; Montenegros natur ; Mozambiques natur ; Myanmars natur ; Namibias natur ; Naurus natur ; Nepals natur ; New Zealandsk natur ; Nicaraguansk natur ; Nigers natur ; Nigerias natur ; Norsk natur ; Nordkoreansk natur ; Omans natur ; Pakistansk natur ; Palaus natur ; Palæstinas natur ; Panamas natur ; Papua Ny Guineansk natur ; Paraguays natur ; Peruviansk natur ; Polsk natur ; Portugisisk natur ; Qatars natur ; Rumænsk natur ; Rwandas natur ; Salomonøernes natur ; Samoas natur ; San Marinos natur ; São Tomé & Principles natur ; Saudi-Arabisk natur ; Schweizisk natur ; Senegals natur ; Serbisk natur ; Seychellernes natur ; Sierra Leones natur ; Singapores natur ; Skotsk natur ; Slovakiets natur ; Sloveniens natur ; Somalisk natur ; Spansk natur ; Sri Lankas natur ; St. Kitts & Nevis natur ; St. Lucias natur ; St. Vincent og Grenadinernes natur ; Sudanesisk natur ; Surinams natur ; Svensk natur ; Swazilands natur ; Sydafrikansk natur ; Sydkoreansk natur ; Syrisk natur ; Tadsjikistans natur ; Taiwanesisk natur ; Tanzanias natur ; Tchads natur ; Thailandsk natur ; Tjekkisk natur ; Togos natur ; Tongas natur ; Trinidad & Tobagos natur ; Tunesisk natur ; Turkmenistans natur ; Tuvalus natur ; Tyrksk natur ; Tysk natur ; Ugandas natur ; Ukrainsk natur ; Ungarnsk natur ; Uruguays natur ; Usbekistans natur ; Vanuatus natur ; Venezuelas natur ; Vietnamesisk natur ; Yemens natur ; Zambias natur ; Zimbabwes natur ; Ækvatorial Guineas natur ; Østrisk natur ; Østtimors natur.

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