Guam

Geografi ; natur ; demografi ; historie ; kultur ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía
Geografi: Amerikansk  ø i Mikronesien i det vestlige Stillehav.
Guam er aktuelt et Un-incorporated U.S. Territory eller et ikke-inkorporeret eller indarbejdet amerikansk territorium. Det er områder som styres direkte af den amerikanske regering. Disse områder er ud over Guam: Jomfruøerne, De nordlige Marianaøer, og Puerto Rico. Indbyggerne i disse territorier har ret til at stemme til Kongres og Senat m.m., men, indtil for nyligt, ikke ret til at deltage i det direkte præsidentvalg. Guam har historisk og aktuelt en strategisk vigtig geopolitisk position i forhold til USA's politik overfor Japan - ikke mindst i forhold til baserne på Okinawa, Kina, Nord- og Sydkorea. Geografihistoriske frem-stillinger: Guam; Information on Guam Transmitted by the United States to the United Nations. / United States. Navy Dept.; United States. Dept. of the Interior. 1947. - 28 s.
- http://archive.org/details/GuamInformationOnGuam
History and description of our Philippine wonderland, and photographic panorama of Hawaii, Cuba, Porto Rico, Samoa, Guam, and Wake island, with entertaining accounts of their peoples and modes of living, customs, industries, climate and present conditions.. (1899).
- http://archive.org/details/aaa9679.0001.001.umich.edu
Dampier, William: A new voyage round the world [microform] : describing particularly the isthmus of America, several coasts and islands in the West Indies, the Isles of Cape Verd, the passage by Terra del Fuego, the south sea coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico ; the Isle of Guam, one of the Ladrones, Mindanao, and other Philippine and East India islands near Cambodia, China, Formosa, Luconia, Celebes, &c., New Holland, Sumatra, Nicobar Isles ; the Cape of Good Hope, and Santa Hellena : their soil, rivers, harbours, plants, fruits, animals, and inhabitants : their customs, religion, government, trade, &c. I-II (1697). - 611+ ? s.
- http://archive.org/details/cihm_34672
Natur: Taking and Importing Marine Mammals: Taking Marine Mammals Incidental to U.S. Navy Operations of Surveillance Towed Array Sensor System Low Frequency Active Sonar National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmos-pheric Administration (NOAA), Commerce. I: Federal Register / Vol. 77, No. 4. Friday, January 6, 2012 / Proposed Rules. s. 842-894.
- http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/FR-2012-01-06/pdf/2011-33600.pdf
Kalkstensskovene er de mest forskelligartede naturlige plante-samfund i Guam. / Limestone forests are the most diverse natural plant communities of Guam. Final Integrated Trip Report - Site Visits to Area 50, Andersen Air Force Base, Guam National Wildlife Refuge, War in the Pacific National Historical Park, Guam, Rota and Saipan, CNMI, 2004-2005. - 55 s.
- http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2005/1299/of2005-1299.pdf
Demografi: 2004 Guam Statistical Yearbook. Bureau of Statistics and Plans, 2005. - 457 s.
Historie: Guam var koloniseret af Spanien 1565-1898 og er siden koloniseret af USA. Under den første del af den kolde krig blev Guam ramt af radioaktivt nedfald fra de atmosfæriske atom-våbenforsøg i Stillehavet, ifølge: Assessment of the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program Committee to Assess the Scientific Information for the Radiation Exposure Screening and Education Program, National Research Council. Appendix C. 2005. Radioactivity in Guam After Nuclear-Weapons Testing in the Pacific: 'Atmospheric testing began in the Marshall Islands with Operation Crossroads in July 1946. Operation Ivy began in October 1952. On October 31, 1952, the first thermonuclear device, with the code name Mike, was detonated. A radiation-fallout monitoring program for Operation Ivy was established in 1952 and coordinated by the New York Operations Office of the Atomic Energy Commission. It consisted of a worldwide network of 111 monitoring stations with at least one in every continent, but it was concentrated in the Northern Hemisphere. One of those monitoring stations was located in Guam. In addition to stationary ground-based monitoring, aerial surveys using low flying aircraft were conducted from several Air Force bases.'

A List of Books (with References to Periodicals) on Samoa and Guam. / Library of Congress Division of Bibliography. 1901. - 58 s.
Report of the island of Guam I-XXVIII. / United States. Adjutant-General's Office. Military Information Division;
Forbes-Lindsay, C. H.: America's insular possessions (1906).
- http://archive.org/details/abe1097.0001.001.umich.edu

Deltagelse i krige
War in the Pacific National Historical Park : hearing before the Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands, Committee on Natural Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Third Congress, first session, on H.R. 1944, to provide for additional development at War in the Pacific National Historical Park ... hearing held in Washington, DC, May 27, 1993. / United States. Congress. House. Committee on Natural Resources. Subcommittee on National Parks, Forests, and Public Lands (1993).
- http://archive.org/details/warinpacificnati00unit
Last Flight From Saigon. / Edited by: Lt. Col. A. J. C. Lavalle. 1979. - 153 s. ; USAF Southeast Asia Monograph Series. Volume IV. Monograph 6).
Der er, og har været udstationeret amerikanske kernevåben på Guam siden Koreakrigen.
U.S. nuclear forces, 2010: Two important recent events—the signing of New START and the release of the Obama administra-tion’s Nuclear Posture Review—will shape the configuration of the U.S. nuclear arsenal for years to come. / Robert S. Norris & Hans M. Kristensen.
I: Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, May/June 2010. - http://www.thebulletin.org/files/066003008.pdf
H.R.2910 - To amend the Radiation Exposure Compensation Act to include the Territory of Guam in the list of affected areas with respect to which claims relating to atmospheric nuclear testing shall be allowed, and for other purposes.109th Congress (2005-2006).
3 Nuclear Storage Depots to Close as B-52 Missions Change. / : Richard Halloran, Special to the New York Times. May 16, 1988.
'The Air Force has notified Congressional leaders that it plans to close three depots where nuclear weapons are stored at air bases as some B-52 bombers are converted to carrying only conventional bombs. In letters to the lawmakers, the Air Force said nuclear storage depots would be closed at Andersen Air Force Base on Guam in the central Pacific Ocean, Loring Air Force Base in northern Maine and Mather Air Force Base near Sacramento, CA'.
How Do You Solve A Problem Like Korea? New Archive Document Collection Sheds Light on Nixon's Frustrating Search for Military Options. National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 322 / Robert Wampler, PhD. Posted - June 23, 2010.
- http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB322/index.htm
'Washington, D.C., June 23, 2010 - Four decades ago, in response to North Korean military provocations, the U.S. developed contingency plans that included selected use of tactical nuclear weapons against Pyongyang’s military facilities and the possibility of full-scale war, according to recently declassified documents. Astonishingly, casualty estimates ranged from a low of 100 or so civilian deaths, up to “several thousand.” Newly-elected President Richard Nixon and his key advisors, National Security Advisor Henry Kissinger, Secretary of Defense Melvin Laird and JCS Chairman Earle Wheeler, considered a menu of possible military actions against North Korea, from carefully targeted attacks on North Korean military facilities, to a plan codenamed FREEDOM DROP for limited nuclear strikes (with surprisingly limited casualty expectations), to all-out war using nuclear weapons. The Pentagon drew up these plans as the result of North Korea’s downing of a U.S. reconnaissance plane over the Sea of Japan in April 1969 -- just one in a long set of military provocations by Pyongyang that continues to the present.'
Kultur::
Politik:
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties
International organisering
Regering:
Parlament
Forsvar / militær: Guam har to amerikanske militærbaser: Apra Naval Base og Andersen Air Force Base.
CRS: Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments. / Shirley A. Kan. March 29, 2012. - 26 s.
Final Record of Decision for Sites 4, 11, 25, 28, and 34, Main Base Operable Unit, Andersen Air Force Base, Guam, 2008. - 103 s.
- http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/rods/fulltext/r2008090002418.pdf
GAO: Military Buildup on Guam: Costs and Challenges in Meeting Construction Timelines. 2011. - 32 s.
- http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a545791.pdf 'The military buildup on Guam is likely to cost about $7.5 billion in military construction funding from fiscal years 2009 through 2016, according to the latest estimates by DOD. However, DOD has yet to fully identify some costs associated with the buildup. For example, DOD has not developed cost estimates for the air and missile defense task force that may be placed on Guam. In addition, construction for future facilities for the Air Force Guam Strike initiative is expected to occur over a 16-year period, which extends beyond the current costs that the Air Force has estimated through fiscal year 2015. Moreover, DOD’s total costs will be higher once life-cycle costs are included in these estimates. In addition, the Government of Japan is expected to provide up to an additional $6.09 billion in funding for infrastructure and facilities to support the Marine Corps relocation, which includes directly funding up to $2.8 billion in military construction projects on Guam.'
Virgin Islands, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands issues : hearings before the Subcommittee on Native American & Insular Affairs of the Committee on Resources, House of Representatives, One Hundred Fourth Congress, second session, on Virgin Islands and Guam issues ... Resolution 433 ... H.R. 3721, July 24, 1996--Washington, DC; Virgin Islands and Northern Mariana Islands issues, H.R. 3634 ... H.R. 3635 ... June 26, 1996--Washington, D.C (1996). - 416 s.
- http://archive.org/details/virginislandsgua00unit
'As this committee knows from its involvement in land legislation, over one third of the land on Guam is owned by the federal government. Most of these land holdings belong to the military.' S. 5.
Efterretningstjenester:
Fredsbevægelser:
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer:
Religion:
Sociale forhold: 2010 Guam Statistical Yearbook. Bureau of Statistics and Plans, 2011. - 521 s.
Uddannelse
Universiteter
Økonomi:
BNP - , landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug:
Naturresourcer:
Erhverv, handel og industri:
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter

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