Sydamerikas natur

South American nature
Nature Amérique du Sud
La naturaleza Sudamericana
Sul natureza americana
Südamerikanischen Natur
Natur, klima. Biodiversitet. Fauna og flora: Fisk. Fugle. Koralrev. Vådområder.
Nature, climate. Flora and fauna: Botanical gardens. Fish. Birds. Coral reefs. Wetlands
Flore et faune: Poissons. Oiseaux. Les récifs coralliens. Les zones humides.
Flora y fauna: Fish. Pájaros. Los arrecifes de coral. Los humedales.
Natur, Klima. Flora und Fauna: Botanische Gärten. Fisch. Vögeln. Korallenriffe. Feuchtgebiet, Feuchtbiotop.
Flora
Skov
Tropiske og tempererede regnskove. Amazonregnskoven. Regnskoven i Amazonas har sin hovedudbredelse i Brasilien, men strækker sig også ind i Guyana, Venezuela, Columbia, Suriname, Fransk Guyana, Ecuador, Peru og Bolivia.
S. Robbert Gradstein, Jürgen Homeier and Dirk Gansert (Eds.)
The Tropical Mountain Forest erschienen als Band 2 in der Reihe „Biodiversity and Ecology Series“ des Göttingen Centre for Biodiversity and Ecology.
Universitätsverlag Göttingen 2008
The Ultimate Mystery Meat : Exposing the Secrets Behind Burger King and Global Meat Production. / : Marisa Bellantonioet al. Regnskogsfondet , Mighty Earth. 2017.
- http://www.mightyearth.org/mysterymeat/
Fauna
Fugle: Ornithological gazetteer of ... / : Raymond A Paynter et al.
- Cambridge, Mass. : Bird Dept., Museum of Comparative Zoology. Harvard University, 19__.
International Network of Basin Organizations / Det internationale netværk af flodbassin organisationer.
- http://www.inbo-news.org/spip.php?sommaire&lang=en:
Naturhistoriske primærkilder:
A description of the coasts of north and south-Guinea, and of Ethiopia inferior, vulgarly Angola ... And a new relation of the province of Guiana, and of the great rivers of Amazons and Oronoque in South-America. With an appendix being a general account of the first discoveries of America, in the fourteenth century, and some observations thereon. And a geographical, political, and natural history of the Antilles-Islands, in the North- Sea of America. / : John Bardot. Now first printed from his original manuscript. - London : Henry Lintot and John Osborn, 1732; Collection of voyages and travels, vol. 5, p. l, p. 1-668. illus).
- https://archive.org/details/descriptionofcoa00barb
Oceanic birds of South America : a study of species of the related coasts and seas, including the American quadrant of Antarctica, based upon the Brewster-Sanford collection in the American Museum of Natural History I-II, 1936.
- https://archive.org/details/oceanicbirdsofso01murp , og
- https://archive.org/details/oceanicbirdsofso02murp
Noticias americanas : entretenimientos phisicos-historicos, sobre la América meridional, y la septéntrianal oriental : comparacion general de los territorios, climas, y produciones en las tres especies, vegetales, animales, y minerales : con relacion particular de las petrificaciones de cuerpos marinos de los indios naturales de aquellos paises, sus costumbres, y usos : de las antiquedades ... / : Antonio de Ulloa, 1772. - https://archive.org/details/noticiasamerican00ullo
Relación histórica del viage a la América Meridional hecho de orden de S. Mag. para medir algunos grados de meridiano Terrestre, y venir por ellos en conocimiento de la verdadera Figura, y Magnitud de la Tierra, con otras varias Observaciones Astronómicas, y Phísicas. / : Antonio de Ulloa, 1748.
- https://archive.org/details/relacinhistr01juanguat
- https://archive.org/details/relacinhistr02juanguat
- https://archive.org/details/relacinhistr03juanguat
Sydamerikansk natur i international lovgivning, folkeret / South American nature in international law
The Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, 2002.
Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements: South America.
Oregon State University. United Nations Environment Programme.
- http://transboundarywater.geo.orst.edu/publications/atlas/
The Peace Palace Library: Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law.
Guarani Aquifer Agreement
Traktaten om Amazonas samarbejdsorganisation / The Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization / Organização do Tratado de Cooperação Amazônica, 1998-.
No. 12550 Brazil, Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay: Treaty of the River Plate Basin. Signed at Brasilia, 23 April 1969. - http://www.internationalwaterlaw.org/documents/regionaldocs/La_Plata-1969.pdf
La plata river basin: A Framework for the Sustainable Management of Its Water Resources with Respect to the Hydrological Effects of Climatic Variability and Change. Organization of American States. Office for Sustainable Development & Environment; Water Project Series, Number 6 — October 2005
- https://www.oas.org/dsd/Events/english/Documents/OSDE_6LaPlata.pdf
Store vådområder: Araca, Amazonfloden, Demini, Madeirafloden, Magdalenafloden, Orinoco, Paraná, Río de la Plata, Rio São Francisco, Uruguayfloden, og Xingufloden.
Amazonfloden løber igenne Brasilien, Colombia og Peru.
Flowing more than 6,450 kilometers (4,000 miles) eastward across Brazil, the Amazon River originates in the Peruvian Andes as tiny mountain streams that eventually combine to form one of the world's mightiest rivers.
The Amazon Basin (black outline) stretches across the heart of South America. Much of the area is covered by rainforests. Layer upon layer of amazingly diverse plants and trees reaches from the forest floor to the tree tops. With all this lush plant life, it can be hard to believe that parts of the Amazon go months each year with little or no rain. Even more surprising is the fact that the dry season may actually be the ''good season'' for tree and plant growth. A team of scientists led by ecologist Alfredo Huete at the University of Arizona made this discovery by combining five years of vegetation greenness data collected by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer modis.gsfc.nasa.gov (MODIS) on NASA's terra.nasa.gov Terra satellite and then subtracting wet-season measurements from dry-season measurements. This image shows those results. Greenness is shown using a scale called the Enhanced Vegetation Index. Green indicates where vegetation flourished during the dry season, and brown shows where vegetation declined during the dry season'
- https://archive.org/details/amazon_evi_difference_map
Global International Waters Assessment Amazon Basin, GIWA Regional assessment 40b. / : The University of Kalmar on behalf of United Nations Environment Programme.
2004 United Nations Environment Programme.
- http://www.unep.org/dewa/giwa/areas/reports/r40b/giwa_regional_assessment_40b.pdf
Re-mapping the Amazon: An Interview with Brent Millikan
- https://archive.org/details/Re-mappingTheAmazonAnInterviewWithBrentMillikan
'This interview aired the week of March 16, 2012 on Living on Earth, Public Radio International's environmental news magazine. The Brazilian government recently proposed a re-mapping of the Amazon that would remove protection for more than 200,000 acres of rainforest, including national parks. Brent Millikan is Amazon Program Director for International Rivers. He tells host Bruce Gellerman that the government wants to make way for hydroelectric dams.'
The lower Amazon; a narrative of explorations in the little known regions of the state of Pará, on the lower Amazon, with a record of archaeological excavations on Marajó Island at the mouth of the Amazon River, and observations on the general resources of the country (1914).
- https://archive.org/details/loweramazonnarra00languoft
Notes of a botanist on the Amazon & Andes : being records of travel on the Amazon and its tributaries, the Trombetas, Rio Negro, Uaupés, Casiquiari, Pacimoni, Huallaga, and Pastasa; as also to the cataracts of the Orinoco, along the eastern side of the Andes of Peru and Ecuador, and the shores of the Pacific, during the years 1849-1864 (1908).
- https://archive.org/details/notesofbotanisto00spruuoft
Río Uruguay
The Uruguay River, which belongs to the River Plate Basin, is an international waterway. Its source is in Brazil andit constitutes the frontier fírst between Argentina and Brazil and later between Argentina and Uruguay
Geologi og jordbundsforhold: Bjerge, vulkaner, jordskælv og ørkenområder:
Geology: Mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and desert areas
Géologie: Montagnes, volcans, tremblements de terre et les zones désertiques
Geología: Montañas, volcanes, terremotos y zonas desérticas
Geologie: Berge, Vulkane, Erdbeben und Wüstengebiete
Bjerge: Andesbjergene / Andes går igennem : Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru og Venezuela.
Monitoring and management of high Andean biodiversity – a study from Cochabamba, Bolivia Centre for Research on the Cultural and Biological Diversity of Andean Rainforests (DIVA), 110 pp,
; DIVA Technical Report no 6).
- http://www.diva.dmu.dk/1_viden/2_miljoe-tilstand/3_natur/diva/reports/diva06.pdf
Peace Parks in the Cordillera del Cóndor Mountain Range and Biodiversity Conservation Corridor. / Martín Alcalde, Carlos F. Ponce, Yanitza Curonisy.
- http://www.wilsoncenter.org/sites/default/files/ponce.pdf
'The Cordillera del Cóndor, a relatively isolated mountain range that straddles the Peru-Ecuador border, lies in a highly significant global conservation zone. Thanks to an abundance of water throughout the year, the region hosts the world's most diverse plant communities and serves as a key element in the great hydrological cycle linking the Andes with the Amazon. The Cordillera del Cóndor is culturally important for the indigenous Shuar and Ashuar communities from Ecuador and the Awajún and Wampis from Peru. For decades this mountain range has been the scene of border conflicts between the two countries. But today, peace and integration is replacing strife'.
World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
UNEP-WCMC (2008). National and Regional Networks of Marine Protected Areas: A Review of Progress. Cambridge.
- http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/publications/otherpubs/pdfs/MPA_Network_report.pdf
Tekst:
Se også: Caribiens natur ; Latinamerikas natur.
Se tillige: Afrikansk natur ; Antarktis natur ; Asiens natur ; Europæisk natur ; Nordamerikas natur.
Afghansk natur ; Albansk natur ; Algerisk natur ; Andorras natur ; Amerikansk natur ; Angolas natur ; Antigua & Barbudas natur ; Argentinsk natur ; Armensk natur ; Aserbajdsjans natur ; Australsk natur ; Bahamas natur ; Bahrains natur ; Bangladesh natur ; Barbados natur ; Belgisk natur ; Belizesk natur ; Benins natur ; Bhutans natur ; Boliviansk natur ; Bosnien-Hercegovinas natur ; Botswanas natur ; Brasiliens natur ; Brunei Darussalams natur ; Bulgarsk natur ; Burkina Fasos natur ; Burundis natur ; Canadisk natur ; Cambodjansk natur ; Camerouns natur ; Centralafrikansk natur ; Chilensk natur ; Colombiansk natur ; Comorernes natur ; Congolesisk natur ; Costa Ricas natur ; Cubansk natur ; Cypriotisk natur ; Dansk natur ; Djiboutisk natur ; Dominicansk natur ; Dominicas natur ; Ecuadoriansk natur ; Engelsk natur ; Egyptisk natur ; El Salvadoransk natur ; Elfenbenskystens natur ; Eritreas natur ; Estlands natur ; Etiopisk natur ; Fijis natur ; Filippinsk natur ; Finsk natur ; De forenede arabiske Emiraters natur ; Fransk natur ; Færøsk natur ; Gabons natur ; Gambiansk natur ; Georgiansk natur ; Ghanas natur ; Grenadas natur ; Græsk natur ; Grønlandsk natur ; Guatemalas natur ; Guineas natur ; Guinea-Bissaus natur ; Guyansk natur ; Haitiansk natur ; Hollansk natur ; Honduras natur ; Hvideruslands natur ; Indisk natur ; Indonesisk natur ; Irakisk natur ; Iransk natur ; Islandsk natur ; Irsk natur ; Israelsk natur ; Italiensk natur ; Jamaicas natur ; Japansk natur ; Jordans natur ; Kap Verdisk natur ; Kasakhstanisk natur ; Kenyansk natur ; Kinesisk natur ; Kirgisistans natur ; Kiribatis natur ; Kosovos natur ; Kroatiens natur ; Kuwais natur ; Laotisk natur ; Lesothisk natur ; Letlands natur ; Libanesisk natur ; Liberiansk natur ; Libysk natur ; Liechtensteins natur ; Litauens natur ; Luxembourgs natur ; Madagascars natur ; Makedonsk natur ; Malawis natur ; Malaysias natur ; Maldiviensk natur ; Malis natur ; Maltesisk natur ; Marokkansk natur ; Marshalløernes natur ; Mauretaniens natur ; Mauritius natur ; Mexicansk natur ; Mikronesisk natur ; Moldovisk natur ; Monacos natur ; Mongoliets natur ; Montenegros natur ; Mozambiques natur ; Myanmars natur ; Namibias natur ; Naurus natur ; Nepals natur ; New Zealandsk natur ; Nicaraguansk natur ; Nigers natur ; Nigerias natur ; Norsk natur ; Nordkoreansk natur ; Omans natur ; Pakistansk natur ; Palaus natur ; Palæstinas natur ; Panamas natur ; Papua Ny Guineansk natur ; Paraguays natur ; Peruviansk natur ; Polsk natur ; Portugisisk natur ; Qatars natur ; Rumænsk natur ; Russisk natur ; Rwandas natur ; Salomonøernes natur ; Samoas natur ; San Marinos natur ; São Tomé & Principles natur ; Saudi Arabisk natur ; Schweizisk natur ; Senegals natur ; Serbisk natur ; Seychellernes natur ; Sierra Leones natur ; Singapores natur ; Skotsk natur ; Slovakiets natur ; Sloveniens natur ; Somalisk natur ; Spansk natur ; Sri Lankas natur ; St. Kitts & Nevis natur ; St. Lucias natur ; St. Vincent og Grenadinernes natur ; Sudanesisk natur ; Surinams natur ; Svensk natur ; Swazilands natur ; Sydafrikansk natur ; Sydkoreansk natur ; Syrisk natur ; Tadsjikistans natur ; Taiwanesisk natur ; Tanzanias natur ; Tchads natur ; Thailandsk natur ; Tjekkisk natur ; Togos natur ; Tongas natur ; Trinidad & Tobagos natur ; Tunesisk natur ; Turkmenistans natur ; Tuvalus natur ; Tyrksk natur ; Tysk natur ; Ugandas natur ; Ukrainsk natur ; Ungarnsk natur ; Uruguays natur ; Usbekistans natur ; Vanuatus natur ; Venezuelas natur ; Vietnamesisk natur ; Yemens natur ; Zambias natur ; Zimbabwes natur ; Ækvatorial Guineas natur ; Østrisk natur ; Østtimors natur.


Send kommentar, email eller søg i Fredsakademiet.dk