Geografi ; demografi ; historie ; kultur ; musik ; politik ; politiske partier ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi og våbenhandel.
Geography; Nature and climate; Demography; History; Wars; Culture ; Art; Film; Music; Politics; Political parties ; Defense; Peace movements; Religion; Social conditions ; Education , Economics and Arms trade.
Géographie; Nature et climat; Démographie; Guerres; Histoire; Culture ; La musique; Politique; Partis politiques ; La défense; Mouvements de paix; Religion; Conditions sociales ; Éducation; Économie et commerce des armes

Afrikansk natur

Natur, klima. Fauna og flora: Fisk. Fugle. Koralrev. Vådområder.
Nature, climate. Flora and fauna: Botanical gardens. Fish. Birds. Coral reefs. Wetlands
Flore et faune: Poissons. Oiseaux. Les récifs coralliens. Les zones humides.
Flora y fauna: Fish. Pájaros. Los arrecifes de coral. Los humedales.
Natur, Klima. Flora und Fauna: Botanische Gärten. Fisch. Vögeln. Korallenriffe. Feuchtgebiet, Feuchtbiotop.
Skov:
International Network of Basin Organizations / Det internationale netværk af flodbassin organisationer.
- http://www.inbo-news.org/spip.php?sommaire⟨=en:
Afrikansk natur i international lovgivning, folkeret / African nature in international law
The Transboundary Freshwater Dispute Database, 2002.
Atlas of International Freshwater Agreements: Africa.
Oregon State University. United Nations Environment Programme.
- http://transboundarywater.geo.orst.edu/publications/atlas/
The Peace Palace Library: Bibliography on Water Resources and International Law.
Internationale organisationer i Afrika:
African Plants Database (version 3.4.0). Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria.
- http://www.ville-ge.ch/musinfo/bd/cjb/africa.
Flora Zambesiaca, Royal Botanic Gardens Kew, 1995-.
Fugle
Threatened birds of Africa and related islands : the ICBP/IUCN Red data book, part I / compiled by N.J. Collar and S.N. Stuart ; with 12 colour plates by Norman Arlott.
- Cambridge, U.K. : International Council for Bird Preservation ; Gland, Switzerland : International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 1985.
Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds). 1997.
The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 1: Non-passerines. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.
- http://www.adu.org.za/pdf/SABAP1_Introduction.pdf
Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M., Tree, A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds). 1997.
The atlas of southern African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.
- http://www.adu.org.za/pdf/SABAP1_References.pdf
Naturhistorie
Authorship, availability and validity of fish names described by Peter (Pehr) Simon Forsssskål and Johann Christian Fabricius in the 'Descriptiones animalium' by Carsten Niebuhr in 1775 (Pisces). / : Ronald Fricke. Beiträge zur Naturkunde A, Neue Serie 1: 1–76; Stuttgart, 30.IV.2008.
- http://www.naturkundemuseum-bw.de/sites/default/files/publikationen/serie-a/ans01-01fricke.pdf
The work of Peter (Pehr) Simon Forsssskål, which has greatly influenced Mediterranean, African and Indo-Pacific ichthyology, has been published posthumously by Carsten Niebuhr in 1775.
Shelley, George Ernest: The birds of Africa, comprising all the species which occur in the Ethiopian region Vol I-VI (1896).
- http://archive.org/details/birdsofafricacom01shel , og
- http://archive.org/details/birdsofafricacom02shel , og
- http://archive.org/details/birdsofafricacom03shel , og
- http://archive.org/details/birdsofafricacom41shel , og
- http://archive.org/details/birdsofafricacom42shel , og
- http://archive.org/details/birdsofafricacom51shel
Sommerfugle / Third report on the temporary results of the Lepidopteran list of Africa Continent based upon the info-system of the Cesa. stand 1.3.2009. . Cesa Publ. African Lepid. 25: 1-2810, figs. maps.
- https://archive.org/details/CesaPublicationsOnAfricanLepidopteraNr.25
This third faunal report on the Lepidoptera of Africa is solely based upon the information of Databank of the Cesa. The comprehensive updated results are reported herewith for the first time. Totally 23261 valid taxa of the species group, living in Africa, are mentioned with valid scientific names, chronologically arranged synonyms and homonyms. Number of the Lepidopteran species recorded in 53 states (or countries) in the Continent Africa are given with previously published information. These are as follows: Algeria [DZ] (1624); Angola [AO] (1119); Benin [BJ] (0122); Botswana [BW] (0382); Burkino-Faso (Upper Volta) [BF] (0119); Burundi [BI] (0287); Cameroon [CM] (2459); Canary Islands [Cn] (0410); Cape de Verde [CV] (0022); Central African Republic [CF] (0447); Congo [CG] (0812); Comoros [KM] (0194); Djibouti [DJ] (0123); Egypt [EG] (0696); Equatorial Guinea [GO] (0406); Eritrea [ER] (0205); Ethiopia [ET] (1281); Gabon [GA] (1012); Ghana [GH] (0830); Gambia [GM] (0169); Guinea [GN] (0432); Ivory Coast [CI] (0770); Kenya [KE] (2551); Leshoto [LS] (0159); Liberia [LR] (0413); Libya [LY] (0591); Madagascar [MG] (1500); Malawi [MW] (1107); Mali [ML] (0097); Marocco [MA] (1511); Mauretania [MR] (0187); Mauritius [MU] (0136); Mozambique [MZ] (0977); Namibia [NA] (0532); Niger [NE] (0155); Nigeria [NG] (1709); Reunion [RE] (0099); Rwanda [RW] (0474); Sao Tome [ST] (0204); Senegal [SN] (0388); Sierra Leone [SL] (1044); Sokotra [Sk] (0131); Somalia [SO] (0472); South Africa [ZA] (8474); Sudan [SD] (0839); Swaziland [SZ] (0181); Tanzania [TZ] (2517); Tschad [TD] (0139); Togo [TG] (0259); Tunis [TN] (0985); Uganda [UG] (2497); Zaire [ZR] (3548); Zambia [ZM] (0929); Zimbabwe [ZW] (1648). Besides, the regional faunal lists are also indexed as valid species group taxa. These are as follows: Lepidoptera of Northern Africa, with the 2954 valid species group taxa, Lepidoptera of Western Africa (from Senegal to Cameroon) with the 4544 valid species group taxa, Lepidoptera of Eastern Africa, with the 5376 valid species group taxa, Lepidoptera of African Horn, with the 1578 valid species group taxa, and Lepidoptera of Southern Africa, with the 12879 valid species group taxa. Finally, the valid species group taxa of the Lepidoptera of Africa continent, including Madagascar, Reunion, Comoros, and Mauritius, are indexed as 23261.. / : Centre for Entomological Studies Ankara (Cesa). 2009.
Vådområder
Floder: Nilen: Den blå nil / The Blue Nile starter i Lake Tana i Etiopien. Den flyder omkring 1600 km, før den mødes med Den hvide nil ved Khartoum i Sudan og danner Nilen.
Den hvide nil danner sammen med Den blå nil, Nilen, ved Sudans hovedstad Khartoum. Floden starter ved Victoriasøen, hvorfra den flyder mod nord og senere mod vest gennem Uganda, Lake Kyoga og Lake Albert.
A Directory of African Wetlands. / : R. H. Hughes. IUCN, 1992.
- http://webmap.iwmi.org/wetlands/pdf/Africa/CONTENTS.pdf
- http://webmap.iwmi.org/wetlands/WetlandDir4.asp
García, N., Cuttelod, A. and Abdul Malak, D. (eds.) (2010). The Status and Distribution of Freshwater Biodiversity in Northern Africa. Gland, Switzerland, Cambridge, UK, and Malaga, Spain : IUCN, 2010. xiii+141pp.
- https://cmsdata.iucn.org/downloads/the_status_and_distribution_of_freshwater_biodiversity_in_northern_africa.pdf
Geologi og jordbundsforhold: Bjerge, vulkaner, jordskælv og ørkenområder:
Geology: Mountains, volcanoes, earthquakes and desert areas
Géologie: Montagnes, volcans, tremblements de terre et les zones désertiques
Geología: Montañas, volcanes, terremotos y zonas desérticas
Geologie: Berge, Vulkane, Erdbeben und Wüstengebiete
Jordbundsforhold / Soil: Jones, A., Breuning-Madsen, H., Brossard, M., Dampha, A., Deckers, J., Dewitte, O., Gallali, T., Hallett, S., Jones, R., Kilasara, M., Le Roux, P., Micheli, E., Montanarella, L., Spaargaren, O., Thiombiano, L., Van Ranst, E., Yemefack, M. , Zougmoré R., (eds.), 2013, Soil Atlas of Africa. European Commission, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. 176 pp.
- http://eusoils.jrc.ec.europa.eu/library/maps/africa_atlas/ :
Africa Mountains Atlas. 2014, United Nations Environment Programme.
- http://na.unep.net/siouxfalls/publications/Africa_Mountains_Atlas.pdf
Brownfield, M.E., and Charpentier, R.R., 2006, Geology and total petroleum systems of the West-Central Coastal Province (7203), West Africa: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 2207-B, 52 p.
- http://pubs.usgs.gov/bul/2207/B/pdf/b2207b_508.pdf
'The West-Central Coastal Province of the Sub-Saharan Africa Region consists of the coastal and offshore areas of Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola (including the disputed Cabinda Province), and Namibia. The area stretches from the east edge of the Niger Delta south to the Walvis Ridge. The West-Central Coastal Province includes the Douala, Kribi-Campo, Rio Muni, Gabon, Congo, Kwanza, Benguela, and Namibe Basins, which together form the Aptian salt basin of equatorial west Africa.'
Bekendtgørelse af De Forenede Nationers konvention af 17. juni 1994 om
bekæmpelse af ørkendannelse i de lande, der er ramt af alvorlig tørke / drought / sécheresse / sequía / Trockenheit: og/eller
ørkendannelse, særlig i Afrika (FN s ørkenkonvention).
- https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=22872
- http://www.unccd.int/en/Pages/default.aspx
World Database on Protected Areas: Beskyttede områder og nationalparker.
UNEP-WCMC (2008). National and Regional Networks of Marine Protected Areas: A Review of Progress. Cambridge.
- http://www.unep.org/regionalseas/publications/otherpubs/pdfs/MPA_Network_report.pdf
Kavango–Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area:
Large Scale Conservation Planning and Priorities for the Kavango-Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area: A report prepared for Conservation International. / : David H. M. Cumming August 2008.
- http://www.fitzpatrick.uct.ac.za/publications/Cumming_2008.pdf
'On 7 December 2006 the cornerstone for the world's biggest conservation area, the Kavango Zambezi Transfrontier Conservation Area (TFCA) was laid with the signing of a memorandum of understanding by the five participating countries to jointly work towards the establishment of the TFCA. The Kavango Zambezi TFCA is situated in the Okavango and Zambezi river basins where the borders of Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe converge. It will span an area of approximately 287 132 km², almost the size of Italy (300 979 km²), and will include 36 national parks, game reserves, community conservancies and game management areas.'
World Heritage in the Congo Basin. / : Conrad Aveling. UNESCO World Heritage Centre, 2010.
- http://whc.unesco.org/document/106622
Ecologically Sensitive Sites in Africa. Volume 1: Occidental and Central Africa
- Washington, DC, USA , World Bank, 1993
- https://archive.org/details/ecologicallysens01wcmc
Ecologically Sensitive Sites in Africa. Volume 2: Eastern Africa
- Washington, DC, USA , World Bank, 1993
- https://archive.org/details/ecologicallysens02wcmc
Ecologically Sensitive Sites in Africa. Volume 3: South-Central Africa and Indian Ocean
- Washington, DC, USA , World Bank, 1993
- https://archive.org/details/ecologicallysens03wcmc
Ecologically sensitive sites in Africa. Volume 4: West Africa
- Washington, DC, USA , World Bank, 1993
- https://archive.org/details/ecologicallysens04wcmc
Ecologically Sensitive Sites in Africa. Volume 5: Sahel
- Washington, DC, USA , World Bank, 1993.
- https://archive.org/details/ecologicallysens05wcmc
Ecologically Sensitive Sites in Africa. Volume 6: Southern Africa
- Washington, DC, USA , World Bank, 1993
- https://archive.org/details/ecologicallysens06wcmc
Klima:
Vandet tager deres land, deres mindesmærker, deres levebrød: Over en flere tusinde kilometer lang kyststrækning i Vestafrika er den globale opvarmning ikke en abstrakt mulighed, men daglig faretruende virkelighed i form af massiv kysterosion, der smadrer hele samfund og driver mennesker ud i desperat migration og fattigdom. / : Matteo Fagotto. I: Informations Moderne Tider, 21. maj 2016.
Tekst:
Se tillige: Antarktis natur ; Asiens natur ; Europæisk natur ; Nordamerikas natur ; Sydamerikas natur.
Afghansk natur ; Albansk natur ; Algerisk natur ; Andorras natur ; Amerikansk natur ; Angolas natur ; Antigua & Barbudas natur ; Argentinsk natur ; Armensk natur ; Aserbajdsjans natur ; Australsk natur ; Bahamas natur ; Bahrains natur ; Bangladesh natur ; Barbados natur ; Belgisk natur ; Belizesk natur ; Benins natur ; Bhutans natur ; Boliviansk natur ; Bosnien-Hercegovinas natur ; Botswanas natur ; Brasiliansk natur ; Brunei Darussalams natur ; Bulgarsk natur ; Burkina Fasos natur ; Burundis natur ; Canadisk natur ; Cambodjansk natur ; Camerouns natur ; Centralafrikansk natur ; Chilensk natur ; Colombiansk natur ; Comorernes natur ; Congolesisk natur ; Costa Ricas natur ; Cubansk natur ; Cypriotisk natur ; Dansk natur ; Djiboutisk natur ; Dominicansk natur ; Dominicas natur ; Ecuadoriansk natur ; Engelsk natur ; Egyptisk natur ; El Salvadoransk natur ; Elfenbenskystens natur ; Eritreas natur ; Estlands natur ; Etiopisk natur ; Fijis natur ; Filippinsk natur ; Finsk natur ; De forenede arabiske Emiraters natur ; Fransk natur ; Færøsk natur ; Gabons natur ; Gambiansk natur ; Georgiansk natur ; Ghanas natur ; Grenadas natur ; Græsk natur ; Grønlandsk natur ; Guatemalas natur ; Guineas natur ; Guinea-Bissaus natur ; Guyansk natur ; Haitiansk natur ; Hollansk natur ; Honduras natur ; Hvideruslands natur ; Indisk natur ; Indonesisk natur ; Irakisk natur ; Iransk natur ; Islandsk natur ; Irsk natur ; Israelsk natur ; Italiensk natur ; Jamaicas natur ; Japansk natur ; Jordans natur ; Kap Verdisk natur ; Kasakhstanisk natur ; Kenyansk natur ; Kinesisk natur ; Kirgisistans natur ; Kiribatis natur ; Kosovos natur ; Kroatiens natur ; Kuwais natur ; Laotisk natur ; Lesothisk natur ; Letlands natur ; Libanesisk natur ; Liberiansk natur ; Libysk natur ; Liechtensteins natur ; Litauens natur ; Luxembourgs natur ; Madagascars natur ; Makedonsk natur ; Malawis natur ; Malaysias natur ; Maldiviensk natur ; Malis natur ; Maltesisk natur ; Marokkansk natur ; Marshalløernes natur ; Mauretaniens natur ; Mauritius natur ; Mexicansk natur ; Mikronesisk natur ; Moldovisk natur ; Monacos natur ; Mongoliets natur ; Montenegros natur ; Mozambiques natur ; Myanmars natur ; Namibias natur ; Naurus natur ; Nepals natur ; New Zealandsk natur ; Nicaraguansk natur ; Nigers natur ; Nigerias natur ; Norsk natur ; Nordkoreansk natur ; Omans natur ; Pakistansk natur ; Palaus natur ; Palæstinas natur ; Panamas natur ; Papua Ny Guineansk natur ; Paraguays natur ; Peruviansk natur ; Polsk natur ; Portugisisk natur ; Qatars natur ; Rumænsk natur ; Russisk natur ; Rwandas natur ; Salomonøernes natur ; Samoas natur ; San Marinos natur ; São Tomé & Principles natur ; Saudi-Arabisk natur ; Schweizisk natur ; Senegals natur ; Serbisk natur ; Seychellernes natur ; Sierra Leones natur ; Singapores natur ; Skotsk natur ; Slovakiets natur ; Sloveniens natur ; Somalisk natur ; Spansk natur ; Sri Lankas natur ; St. Kitts & Nevis natur ; St. Lucias natur ; St. Vincent og Grenadinernes natur ; Sudanesisk natur ; Surinams natur ; Svensk natur ; Swazilands natur ; Sydafrikansk natur ; Sydkoreansk natur ; Syrisk natur ; Tadsjikistans natur ; Taiwanesisk natur ; Tanzanias natur ; Tchads natur ; Thailandsk natur ; Tjekkisk natur ; Togos natur ; Tongas natur ; Trinidad & Tobagos natur ; Tunesisk natur ; Turkmenistans natur ; Tuvalus natur ; Tyrksk natur ; Tysk natur ; Ugandas natur ; Ukrainsk natur ; Ungarnsk natur ; Uruguays natur ; Usbekistans natur ; Vanuatus natur ; Venezuelas natur ; Vietnamesisk natur ; Yemens natur ; Zambias natur ; Zimbabwes natur ; Ækvatorial Guineas natur ; Østrisk natur ; Østtimors natur.


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