Alaska

Geologisk Nordamerika
Geografi ; natur ; demografi ; historie ; kultur ; musik ; politik ; forsvar ; fredsbevægelser ; religion ; sociale forhold ; uddannelse ; økonomi.
Geography; nature; demographics; history, culture, music, politics, defense, peace movements, religion, social issues, education, economy.
Géographie, la nature, la démographie, histoire, la culture, la politique, la défense, les mouvements pacifistes, la religion, les questions sociales, l'éducation, économie.
Geografía, naturaleza, demografía, historia, cultura, política, defensa, movimientos por la paz, la religión, las cuestiones sociales, la educación, la economía
Geographie, Natur, Demographie, Geschichte, Kultur, Politik, Verteidigung, Friedensbewegungen, Religion, Soziales, Bildung, Wirtschaft.
Geografi: Russisk: Alaxsxaq / Det objekt [halvø], mod hvilket havets bevægelse er rettet. Amerikansk delstat med grænse til Canada og med kystlinjer til Det arktiske hav, Bering-strædet og Stillehavet.
Demografi:
Historie: Før Columbus: Den amerikanske regering købte Alaska af Rusland i 1867, og området optages som USA's delstat nummer 49 den 3. januar 1959.
Dele af Aleutian øerne var besat af Japan under Anden verdenskrig - MacGarrigle, George L.: Aleutian Islands: The U.S. Army Campaigns of World War II. U.S. Army Center of Military History, CMH Pub 72-6. ND - 28 s. - ISBN: 9780160358821
- http://archive.org/details/AleutianIslands
Militær: Alaskan Command
Tre underjordiske atomvåbenforsøg, ved Amchitka øen, 1965-1971. Oplysninger om forsøgene er stadig skjulte eller maskerede som klassificeret information, men Greeepeace konkluderer, at 'Cannikin atomprøvesprængningstedet på Amchitka, området for den største underjordiske atom-prøvesprængning i amerikansk historie er utæt. Elementer af radioaktivitet siver ud i Beringshavet via White Alice Creek / 'The Cannikin nuclear test site on Amchitka, the site of the largest underground nuclear test in U.S. history is leaking long-lived transuranic radioactivity into the Bering Sea via White Alice Creek. Two biological samples taken by Greenpeace researchers from White Alice Creek downgradient from Cannikin revealed the presence of americium-241, a beta decay product of plutonium-241. Americium-241 in the environmental samples indicates the presence of plutonium isotopes in the groundwater-surface water system at Amchitka. One of the two stream samples contained plutonium-239/-240. The plutonium-239 used to trigger the Cannikin fusion explosion (possibly 9-11 pounds of plutonium-239 2) was co-produced with plutonium-240 and plutonium-241 in a nuclear reactor designed to create weaponsgrade plutonium'.
The Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory's Thyroid Function Study
The Use of Native Alaskans in a Radiological Experiment
- http://arcticcircle.uconn.edu/SEEJ/thyroid.html
'Between August and September of 1955, the U.S. Air Force's Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory in initiated a research project which included residents from the Inupiaq villages of Wainwright, Point Lay, and Anaktuvik Pass, and Athabascan Indian villages of Fort Yukon and Arctic Village. The purpose of this research was to study the role of the thyriod gland in acclimatization of humans to cold. The study used Iodine 131, a radioactive medical tracer to measure thyroid activity in 121 people - 102 Alaska Natives and 19 military personnel. In the early 1990s, serious questions were raised regarding the selection process of the participants; their understanding of the purpose of the research; and the risks involved. At the urging of the U. S. National Research Council, a Committee on Evaluation of the 1950s Air Force Human Health Testing in Alaska Using Radioactive Iodine 131 was formed in June of 1994. Its stated purpose was to address the questions raised above. Two years later the Committee's final report was published by the National Academy Press. The complete report comprising 177 pages can be downloaded from the National Academy Press web site. The book, published in 1996, is entitled: The Arctic Aeromedical Laboratory's Thyroid Function Study: A Radiological Risk and Ethical Analysis.'
Aktuelle militære baser i Alaska

Se også: Distant Early Warning Line ; US High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program ; Ground-Based Midcourse Defense, Alaska ; Operation Windstorm.
Kultur:
Massemedier:
Tekst:
Radio:
TV
Biblioteksvæsen. Bogvæsen:
Alaska Virtual Library and Digital Archives
Aviser / Newspapers / journaux / Prensa / Tageszeitungen
Tidsskrifter, periodica / Journals, periodicals / Revues spécialisées, périodiques / Revistas, publicaciones periódicas / Zeitschriften, Periodika
Litteratur:
Kunst / Art
The Alaska Journal of Art
Film:
Musik:
Teater:
Politik
Aktuelle og historiske politiske partier / Current and historical political parties
Lokalregering:
Parlament
Fredsbevægelser:
Sociale bevægelser, herunder miljøorganisationer / Social movements, including environmental organizations:
Religion: The Russian Orthodox Church of Alaska and the Aleutian Islands and its relation to Native American traditions : an attempt at a multicultural society, 1794-1912. / : Vyacheslav Ivanov; Washington : Library of Congress, 1997. - 66 s. ; Includes bibliographical references (p. 48-59).
Sociale forhold:
Uddannelse:
Universiteter
Økonomi:
BNP, landbrug, fiskeri, industri.
Landbrug:
Naturresourcer: Naturgas ;
Energi, erhverv, handel og industri:
Våbenfabrikker, våbenhandel og våbentransporter / Weapon Factories, arms trade and -transport / Les fabriques d'armes, le commerce des armes et de transport:
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Litteratur

Alaska (1967).
National Archives - Alaska - National Security Council. Central Intelligence Agency. - This film is a documentary on the mineral wealth and public lands of Alaska, including the Indian tribes. - http://www.archive.org/details/gov.archives.arc.649115
Consortium for Risk Evaluation with Stakeholder Participation II:Background on Amchitka, 2005. - 18 s.
http://www.cresp.org/Amchitka/Amchitka_Final_Report/index_FinalReport.html
Hydrogeologic assessment of the Amchitka Island nuclear test site Alaska with magnetotellurics / Martyn Unsworth, Wolfgang Soyer, Volkan Tuncer, Anna Wagner, og David Barnes. Geophysics,vol. 72, no. 3 May-June 2007; p. b47–b57
Formerly used Defense Sites in the Norton Sound Region: Location, History of Use, Contaminants Present, And Status of Clean-Up Efforts. Prepared for Alaska Community Action on Toxics / Mimi Hogan, Sandra Christopherson and Ann Rothe. 2006. - 47 s.
Miller, Pam: Nuclear Flashback: Report of a Greenpeace Scientific Expedition to Amchitka Island, Alaska – Site of the Largest Underground Nuclear Test in U.S. History. Greenpeace, 1996 - 33 s.
Nevada Environmental Restoration Project: Subsurface Completion Report for Amchitka Underground Nuclear Test Sites: Long Shot, Milrow, and Cannikin, 2006. - 63 s.
United States Nuclear Tests, July 1945 through September 1992.
U.S. Department of Energy Nevada Operations Office, DOE/NV--209-REV 15, December 2000.


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