Congressional Records. - The Congressional
Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the
United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in
session. FDsys contains Congressional record volumes from 140
(1994) to the present. At the back of each daily issue is the
"Daily Digest," which summarizes the day's floor and committee
activities. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873, and
is still published today.
CRS: Speakers of the House: Elections,
1913-2013. / : Richard S. Beth ; Valerie Heitshusen. January 4,
2013. - 11 s.
Medlemmer af den lovgivende forsamling / Members of the
Legislative Assembly / Les membres de l'Assemblée
législative / Miembros de la Asamblea Legislativa /
Mitglieder der gesetz-gebenden Versammlung: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774–2005, the
Continental Congress, September 5, 1774, to October 21, 1788, and
the Congress of the United States, from the First through the One
Hundred Eighth Congresses, March 4, 1789, to January 3, 2005,
inclusive. (Document / 108th Congress, 2nd session, House; no.
108–222) ‘‘Edited under the direction of the
Joint Committee on Printing ... editors in chief, Andrew R. Dodge,
Betty K. Koed’’— 2225 s. 1. United States.
Continental Congress—Biography—Dictionaries. 2. United
States. Congress—Biography—Dictionaries. I. Dodge,
Andrew R. II. Koed, Betty K. III. United States. Congress. Joint
Committee on Printing. IV. Title. V. Series: House Document (United
States. Congress. House); no. 108–222. Library of Congress
Control Number: 2004114224 - ISBN Number
Det biografiske Register over den amerikanske Kongres er en
biografisk ordbog over alle nuværende og tidligere medlemmer
af De Forenede Staters kongres samt dens forgænger, den
kontinentale kongres. Også omfattet er Delegerede fra
territorier og District of Columbia og Hjemmehørende
kommissærer fra Filippinerne og Puerto Rico. [Online].
The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress is a
biographical dictionary of all present and former members of the
United States Congress as well as its predecessor, the Continental
Congress. Also included are Delegates from territories and the
District of Columbia and Resident Commissioners from the
Philippines and Puerto Rico.
Executive Officers 1789–2005. Since Lanman’s original
Directory of Congress in 1859, the various biographical directories
of Congress have included a list of executive cabinet officers.
Each roster is presented by President and by term in office. The
President and Vice President are followed by the heads of the
Cabinet Departments in order of agency seniority. In cases where
the Vice President becomes President, prior to the adoption of the
25th Amendment in 1967, the officer next in line in presidential
succession is listed. The Department Secretaries are identified,
along with their home state, and dates of service. This information
has been updated through the 108th Congress
CRS: Women in Congress, 1917-2016: Biographical and Committee Assignment Information, and Listings by State and Congress.
/ : Jennifer E. Manning ; Ida A. Brudnick, 2016.
The Continental Congress. This section lists the places and dates
of all sessions of the Continental Congress between 1774 and 1789.
Presidents of the Continental Congress are listed with their home
state and the date of their election.
The table of Delegates lists the names of all Members elected in
each state delegation and distinguishes between those who attended
and those who declined to attend.
Apportionment of Representatives. The table of apportionment of
Representatives indicates the number of House seats granted each
state under the constitutional apportionment of 1787 and subsequent
reapportionments that reflected each decennial census. This table
also indicates the total number of seats in the House of
Representatives at any given time. This is the same table that
appears in the annual editions of the Congressional Directory,
published under the direction of the Joint Committee on
The Congress of the United States 1789–2005. In this section
each Senator, Representative, Delegate, and Resident Commissioner
is listed by State, Territory, Commonwealth, and District
delegation in the rosters of the First through One Hundred Eighth
Congresses. The extensive footnotes provide information about the
Member during a particular Congress and about the status of the
State or Territory involved. Senators’ names appear within
each delegation in order of seniority.
CRS: Representatives and
Senators: Trends in Member Characteristics Since 1945. / R.
Eric Petersen. 2012. - 41 s.
Appropriations Subcommittee Structure: History of Changes from 1920
to 2013. / : Jessica Tollestrup. February 5, 2013. - 16 s.
'The evolution of the modern Appropriations subcommittee structure
can be divided into four eras. The first era, stretching roughly
from the initial reorganization in the 1920s until the end of the
Second World War, was marked by stability. Most of the changes in
Appropriations structure resulted from combining bills (e.g., the
Treasury Department bill with the Post Office Department bill
beginning in 1924), although one new bill (and subcommittee) was
created when the appropriations bill for the Department of Labor
was split off from the Departments of State, Justice, Commerce, and
Labor bill in 1939.
The second era, from the end of the Second World War through 1970,
saw multiple changes. During this period, Congress attempted to
keep pace with executive branch reorganization (e.g., creation of
subcommittees to consider appropriations for the new Departments of
Defense in 1947 and Transportation in 1967), and changing national
priorities (e.g., creation of a separate appropriations bill, and
later subcommittee, for foreign operations).
The third era, from 1971 through 2003, was marked by a renewed
stability. While some appropriations subcommittees were renamed to
reflect changes in agency and departmental status, these changes
did not represent major shifts in jurisdiction.
In the fourth era, since 2003, there have been major changes in
organization involving nearly every subcommittee. In 2003, both the
House and Senate Appropriations Committees merged their
subcommittees on Transportation and Treasury and created a new
subcommittee to consider appropriations for the newly created
Department of Homeland Security. In 2005, both chambers undertook
major reorganizations, eliminating three subcommittees in the House
and one in the Senate. This reorganization, however, left the two
chambers with differing subcommittee jurisdictions. In 2007 the two
Appropriations Committees reorganized again to reestablish parallel
subcommittees.' CRS: Congressional Commissions:
Overview, Structure, and Legislative Considerations. / :
Matthew Eric Glassman ; Jacob R. Straus. 2013. - 33 s.
'Congressional advisory commissions are formal groups established
to provide independent advice; make recommendations for changes in
public policy; study or investigate a particular problem, issue, or
event; or perform a duty. While no legal definition exists for what
constitutes a “congressional commission,” in this
report a congressional commission is defined as a multimember
independent entity that (1) is established by Congress, (2) exists
temporarily, (3) serves in an advisory capacity, (4) is appointed
in part or whole by Members of Congress, and (5) reports to
Congress.' Including: Congressional Commissions Created During the
112th to the 101st Congress.
CRS: Kongressens Forskningstjeneste: Annual Report of the
Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress for
Fiscal Year 2011. / : Mary B. Mazanac. 2012. - 44 s.
Commission on Wartime Contracting to study U.S. wartime
contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Congressional Authority to Limit Military Operations / Jennifer K.
Elsea, Michael John Garcia, Thomas J. Nicola, Congressional
Research Service, September 8, 2011. - 43 s.
Secret Sessions of the House and Senate: Authority,
Confidentiality, and Frequency / Betsy Palmer. November 30, 2011. -
Senatet, herunder the Senate Intelligence Committee.
House Fish Committee, 1930; Hollywood
blacklist ; House Un-American Activities Committee,
1938–1975; House Special Committee on Un-American Activities,
1934–1937; House Special investigation committee,
1938–1944 ; Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations of the
Government Operations Committee of the U.S. Senate ; Senate,
Committee on the Judiciary: Overman
Committee, 1918-1919 ; Senate Special Committee to Investigate
the National Defense Program, 1941-1948, eller "Truman Committee",
the Investigations Subcommittee of the Committee on Expenditures in
Executive Departments continued that committee's ; Subcommittee on
Korean War Atrocities
CRS: Filibusters and Cloture in the Senate. / : Richard S. Beth
; Valerie Heitshusen. November 29, 2012. - 25 s.
'The filibuster is widely viewed as one of the Senate’s most
characteristic procedural features. Filibustering includes any use
of dilatory or obstructive tactics to block a measure by preventing
it from coming to a vote. The possibility of filibusters exists
because Senate rules place few limits on Senators’ rights and
opportunities in the legislative process.
In particular, a Senator who seeks recognition usually has a right
to the floor if no other Senator is speaking, and then may speak
for as long as he or she wishes. Also, there is no motion by which
a simple majority of the Senate can stop a debate and allow the
Senate to vote in favor of an amendment, a bill or resolution, or
any other debatable question. Almost every bill, indeed, is
potentially subject to two filibusters before the Senate votes on
whether to pass it: first, a filibuster on a motion to proceed to
the bill’s consideration; and second, after the Senate agrees
to this motion, a filibuster on the bill itself.' Leder: Senatet er en 'skændsel'. I:
Information, 04/19/2013. CRS: Researching Current
Federal Legislation and Regulations: A Guide to Resources
for Congressional Staff. / : Jerry W. Mansfield. 2012. - 17 s.
'This report is designed to introduce congressional staff to
selected governmental and nongovernmental sources that are useful
in tracking and obtaining information on federal legislation and
regulations. It includes governmental sources such as the
Legislative Information System (LIS), THOMAS, the Government
Printing Office’s Federal Digital System (FDsys), and U.S.
Senate and House websites. Nongovernmental or commercial sources
include resources such as HeinOnline and the Congressional
Quarterly (CQ) websites. It also highlights classes offered by the
Congressional Research Service (CRS) and the Library of Congress
Law Library.' Thomas: Legislative Information on the Internet -
THOMAS was launched in January of 1995, at the inception of the
104th Congress. The leadership of the 104th Congress directed the
Library of Congress to make federal legislative information freely
available to the public. Since that time THOMAS has expanded the
scope of its offerings to include the features and content listed
below. Bills, Resolutions Activity in Congress, Congressional
Record Schedules, Calendars, Committee Information, Presidential
Nominations, Treaties, and Government Resources. Chicago Council on Global Affairs: Constrained
Internationalism: Adapting to New Realities Results of a 2010
National Survey of American Public Opinion, 2010. - 90 s.
Committee on International Relations, Committee on Foreign
Relations: Legislation on Foreign Relations Through 2002. Volume
I–A of volumes I–A and I–B Current legislation
and related executive orders. U.S. House of Representatives, U.S.
Senate. - Washington : U.S. Government printing office, 2003. - 507
'This volume of legislation and related material is part of a five
volume set of laws and related material frequently referred to by
the Committees on Foreign Relations of the Senate and International
Relations of the House of Representatives, amended to date and
annotated to show pertinent history or cross references.' herunder
administrationen af the International Security and Development
Cooperation Act of 1985, Military Assistance and Sales and Related
Programs og Foreign Military Sales Credits.
U.S. Strategic Interests in the Arctic : An Assessment of Current
Challenges and New Opportunities for Cooperation A Report of the
CSIS Europe Program. / Heather Conley, Jamie Kraut. Center for
Strategic and International Studies, 2010. - 33 s.
http://csis.org/files/publication/100426_Conley_USStrategicInterests_Web.pdf Chomsky, Noam: American Power And
The New Mandarins (1969).